- Née le 3 juin 1835 (mercredi) - CORK (Irlande)
- Décédée en 1886 - PARIS 75 , à l’âge de 51 ans
- Unofficial first lady of Paraguay
Union(s) et enfant(s)
- Mariée le 3 juin 1850 (lundi), PARIS 75, avec Xavier QUATREFAGES, Pharmacien Major 1815-1893 (Parents : Pierre Paul QUATREFAGES ca 1785- & Marie CAMBON ca 1795-) (voir note) , divorcés en 1853 ,
- Relation vers 1854 avec Francisco Solano LOPEZ, Président de la République du Paraguay 1827-1870 (Parents : Carlos Antonio LOPEZ, Président de la République du Paraguay 1790-1862 & Juana Pabla CARILLO VIANA ca 1805-) (voir note) dont
born on 3 June 1835 in County Cork, the daughter of John Lynch and Adelaide Schnock. John Lynch was a physician and the family were from a Church of Ireland background.
Eliza Lynch's eldest sister Corinne was living in France in 1847. The family left Ireland, to escape the Potato Famine, that year and settled in Paris. On 3 June 1850, at the age of fifteen, Eliza Lynch married Xavier (?Jean Louis Armand de?) Quatrefages, a French military surgeon. The unhappy marriage led to a divorce within three years, after a residence in Algiers
when in 1853 she met Francisco Solano López (1826-1870) of Paraguay. It was love at first sight
Despite arguments with his younger brother Benigno, who did not want the affair to be carried on across the ocean, Solano López left his mistress with the financial resources and necessary instructions to travel to Paraguay, and departed for South America.
Eliza Lynch arrived in Buenos Aires in October 1855 and gave birth to a son, who was baptised in a private ceremony as Juan Francisco ('Panchito') after her arrival in Asunción, Paraguay, in December
She had other children with Solano López, including Corina Adelaida, Enrique Venancio Víctor, Federico Lloyd, Carlos Honorio, Leopoldo Antonio and Miguel Marcial.
refusing to ride sidesaddle and serving elegant French cuisine to guests
She became the world's largest female landowner. By 1865 she owned several large ranches and at least twenty-six urban properties. During Paraguay s Triple Alliance War against Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, Solano López transferred vast properties into Lynch s name perhaps in order to protect some of his wealth in case he lost the war or had to abdicate. Solano López ordered the sale to Eliza Lynch of over 800,000 acres of state lands and forests located in the Chaco region. In addition, she acquired 12,000,000 acres in eastern Paraguay and another 9,000,000 acres of yerbales and forests in the contested area north of the river Apa. All of Lynch s landed property was confiscated in 1869
In 1870 Solano López was killed in Cerro Corá. Eliza Lynch buried her lover and their son Panchito and fled to Paris with more than $500,000 in jewels, gold and cash. In 1875 she returned to Paraguay on the invitation of president Juan B. Gill, who supported her claims to confiscated property. However, she was again deported to France and finally settled in Paris where she died in 1886, in penury and oblivion.
In the 1970s, under the influence of nationalist and revisionist historians, Eliza Lynch was proclaimed a Paraguayan national heroine and her remains were removed from a grave in Paris to her adopted country in South America. A central street in Asunción was named 'Madame Lynch' in her honour.
Extraits de Edmundo Murray
d'autres Lynch, irlandais :
un autre Lynch (1749-1835) fut Maire de Bordeaux (33) :
Notes concernant l'unionUnion avec Xavier QUATREFAGES:
divorce après trois années à AlgerUnion avec Francisco Solano LOPEZ: