• Born 5 May 1282 - Escalonilla, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
  • Deceased 13 June 1348 - Córdoba, Andalusia, Spain,aged 66 years old
  • Don, Duque de Penafiel

 Parents

 Spouses and children

 Half-siblings

On the side of Juan I Manuel de Castilla 1234-1283

 Notes

Individual Note


Occupation: Don
Source: RootsWeb's WorldConnect - http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ - Jane Williams Flank
Date of Import: 13 Apr 2012

Occupation: Duque de Penafiel
Source: RootsWeb's WorldConnect - http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ - Jane Williams Flank
Date of Import: 13 Apr 2012
[Jane Williams Flank.FTW]

Don Juan Manuel (1282-1349), infante of Castile, son of the infanteDon Manuel and Beatrix of Savoy, and grandson of St Ferdinand, wasborn at Escalona on the 5th of May 1282. His father died in 1284, andthe young prince was educated at the court of his cousin, Sancho IV.,with whom his precocious ability made him a favourite. In 1294 he wasappointed odelantado of Murcia and in his fourteenth year servedagainst the Moors at Granada. In 1304 he was entrusted by thequeen-mother, Dona Maria de Molina, to conduct political negotiationswith James II of Aragon on behalf of her son, Ferdinand IV, then underage. His diplomacy was successful and his marriage to James II'sdaughter, Constantina, added to his prestige. On the death ofFerdinand IV and of the regents who governed in the name of AlphonsoXI, Don Juan Manuel acted as guardian of the king who was proclaimedof age in 1325. His ambitious design of continuing to exercise theroyal power was defeated by Alphonso XI, who married the ex-regent'sdaughter Constanza, and removed his father-in-law from the scene bynominating him adelantado mayor de la frontera. Alphonso XI'srepudiation of Constanza, whom he imprisoned at Toro, drove Don JuanManuel into opposition, and a long period of civil war followed. Onthe death of his wife Constantina in 1327, Don Juan Manuelstrengthened his position by marrying Dona Blanca de la Cerda; hesecured the support of Juan Nunex, alferez of Castile, by arranging amarriage between him and Maria, daughter of Don Juan el Tuerto; he wonover Portugal by promising the hand of his daughter, the ex-quennConstanza, to the infante of that kingdom, and he entered intoalliance with Mahomet III of Granada. This formidable coalitioncompelled Alphonso XI to sue for terms, which he accepted in 1328without any serious intention of complying with them; but he wascompelled to release Dona Constanza. War speedily broke out anew, andlasted till 1331 when Alphonso XI invited Juan Manuel and Juan Nunezto a banquet at Villahumbrales with the intention, it was believed, ofassassinating them; the plot failed, and Don Juan Manuel joined forceswith Peter IV of Aragon. He was besieged by Alphonso XI atGarci-Nunez, whence he escaped on the 30th of July 1336, fled intoexile, and kept the rebellion alive till 1338, when he made his peacewith the king. He proved his loyalty by serving in furtherexpeditions against the Moors of Granada and Africa, and died atranquil death in the first half of 1349.

Distinguished as an astute politician, Don Juan Manuel is an auther ofthe highest eminence, and, considering the circumstances of his stormylife, his voluminousnes is remarkable. The Libro de los sabios, atreatise called Engenos de Guerra and the Libro de cantares, acollection of verses, were composed between 1320 and 1327; but theyhave disappeared together with the Libro de la caballeria (writtenduring the winter of 1326, and the Reglas como se debe trovar, ametrical treatise assigned to 1328-1334. Of his surviving writings,Juan Manuel's Cronica abreviada was compiled between 1319 and 1325,while the Libro de al caza must have been written between 1320 and1329; and during this period of nine years the Cronica de Espana, theCronica complida, and the Tratado sobre las armas were produced. TheLibro del caballero et del escudero was finished before the end of1326; the first book of el Conde Lucanor was written in 1328, thesecond in 1330, and the fourth is dated 12th of June 1335. We areunable to assigne to any precise date the devout Tractado on theVirgin, dedicated to the prior of the monastery at Penafiel, to whichDon Juan Manuel bequeathed his manuscripts; but it seems probable thatthe Libro de los frailes predicadores is slightly later than the Librode los estados; that the Libro de los castigos (left unfinished, andtherefore known by the alternative title of Libro infinido) waswritten not later than 1333, and that the treatise De las Maneras deamor was composed between 1334 and 1337.
[The Encyclopæ dia Britannica, 11th Ed. XV:530]

______________________________________________

Don Juan Manuel

Spanish author

born May 5, 1282, Escalona, New Castile
died 1348, Có rdoba

Main

nobleman and man of letters who has been called the most importantprose writer of 14th-century Spain.

The infante Don Juan Manuel was the grandson of Ferdinand III and thenephew of Alfonso X. He fought against the Moors when only 12 yearsold, and the rest of his life was spent deeply involved in thepolitical intrigues of his time.

Don Juan Manuel is best known for his Libro de los enxiemplos delconde Lucanor et de Patronio (1328-35; Count Lucanor: or, The FiftyPleasant Stories of Patronio, 1868), a treatise on morals in the formof 50 short tales, in which Count Lucanor asks questions of hiscounsellor. The work was written in a lucid and straightforwardmanner, with an informal and personal prose style, almost completelyfree of the usual ornate language of the day. It greatly influencedthe development of Spanish prose, setting a standard for writers whofollowed. Of Manuel´s 12 books, several are lost. Outstanding amonghis extant works are Libro de los estados (``The Book of States´´), atreatise on politics, and Libro del caballero y del escudero (``TheBook of the Knight and the Squire´´), a treatise on society.
[ "Don Juan Manuel." Encyclopæ dia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopæ diaBritannica Online.<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/307004/Don-Juan-Manuel&gt;]

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 Sources

  • Individual:
    - Wilheim Karl, Prinz von Isenburg, Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten; 1975 (Date: 1975;) - II:47
    - Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europäischen;Detlev Schwennicke, Editor 1978-1992 - III:123, 126
    - The Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th Edition 1911 - XV:530
    - Encyclopedia Britainnica: Encyclopedia Britannica Online - Article on Don Juan Manuel
    - Lexikon des Mittelalters (9 Bands) 1977 - IV:2056
    - Genealogical Tables Illustrative of Modern History; Hereford BrookeGeorge 1875 - Table XXXVI
    - RootsWeb's WorldConnect - http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ - Jane Williams Flank - Date of Import: 13 Apr 2012
  • Birth, Spouse, death: RootsWeb's WorldConnect - http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ - Jane Williams Flank - Date of Import: 13 Apr 2012

  Photos and archival records

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 Family Tree Preview

Fernando III "el Santo" de Castilla 1201-1252 Elizabeth of Hohenstaufen 1202-1235 Amadeo IV Count of Chablais Aosta Savoy 1197-1253 Cecile de Baux †1275
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Juan I Manuel de Castilla 1234-1283 Beatrix de Savoie
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Juan II Manuel "el Scritor" de Castilla 1282-1348