Sosa :146,043,776
549 169 024

  • Born in 1120 - Reims 51
  • Deceased 18 September 1180 - Paris, France,aged 60 years old
  • Buried - abbaye de Barbeaux
  • Roi de France de 1137 à 1180

 Parents

 Spouses and children

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 Half-siblings

On the side of sosa Louis VI le Gros CAPETIEN, 1 098 338 048 1081-1137
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 Events


 Notes

Individual Note


Religion: catholique

franz.: Louis VII le Jeune aus der Dynastie der Kapetinger, war von 1131 – ab 1137 Alleinherrscher – bis 1180 ein König von Frankreich. Seine Regierungszeit war geprägt von seiner Teilnahme am zweiten Kreuzzug und dem beginnenden Konflikt des französischen Königtums mit dem Haus Plantagenet.

In zweiter Ehe war er mit Konstanze von Kastilien († 6. Oktober 1160) verheiratet. Sie war eine Tochter König Alfons VII. von Kastilien und der Berenguela von Barcelona. Die Hochzeit fand 1154 in der Kathedrale von Saint-Croix in Orléans statt, die Kinder waren:

1.Margarethe (1158; † nach dem 10. September 1197 in Akkon) heiratete 1. 1160 Heinrich der Jüngere († 1183), König von England und 2. 1185/86 König Béla III. von Ungarn († 1196)

2. Adele (Alix) (*1160 oder wohl 1170; † nach 1218), möglicherweise auch eine Tochter der Adele von Champagne heiratete 1195 Graf Wilhelm IV. von Ponthieu († 1221)

Dritter Ehe: Kinder waren:

1. Philipp II. August (* 21. August 1165 in Gonesse; † 14. Juli 1223 in Mantes-la-Jolie), seit 1179 König von Frankreich

2. Agnes (* 1171; † wohl 1240) heiratete 1. 1180 Kaiser Alexios II. Komnenos († Oktober 1183), 2. 1184 Kaiser Andronikos I. Komnenos († 1185) und 3. 1204 Theodoros Branas

Darüber hinaus hatte Ludwig VII. noch einen unehelichen Sohn Philipp († 1161), der zum Dekan von Saint-Martin de Tours wurde.

Louis VII de France, dit le Jeune, 1120-1180

http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=image&guid=2f7f5f52-4d82-47ab-9754-87a5cd3f86d7&tid=9304355&pid=-617817584
1 BIRT 2 DATE BET. 1119 - 1120
croisade en 1147

#Générale##Générale#Participa à la Croisade prêchée par Saint Bernard ,1147 - 1149, etsoutint le Pape Alexandre III contre Frédéric Barberousse. En 1152, il répudiaAliénor d'Aquitaine, qui, en épousant Henri II Plantagenet, apporta en dotl'Aquitaine au futur Roi d'Angleterre.

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source mariage : J.F. CAMPION ,http://perso.clu

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note couple :

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#Générale#Mariage annulé

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source mariage : J.F. CAMPION ,http://perso.clu

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source mariage : J.F. CAMPION ,http://perso.clu

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inhumation : 1180 à Melun (Abbaye Barbeaux) 77 Fra

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inhumation : en 1180 Julien 77590 Fo

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#Générale#Il est couronné roi de France le premier août 1137

Louis VII, called the Younger or the Young (French: Louis le Jeune), was King of France, the son and successor of Louis VI (hence his nickname). He ruled from 1137 until his death. He was a member of the House of Capet. His reign was dominated by feudal struggles (in particular with the Angevin family), and saw the beginning of the long feud between France and England. It also saw the beginningof construction on Notre-Dame de Paris and the disastrous Second Crusade.

Louis VII was born in 1120, the second son of Louis VI of France and Adelaide of Maurienne. As a younger son, Louis VIIhad been raised to follow the ecclesiastical path. He unexpectedly became the heir to the throne of France after the accidental death of his older brother, Philip, in 1131. A well-learned and exceptionally devout man, Louis VII was better suited for life as a priest than as a monarch.

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In his youth, he spent much time in Saint-Denis, where he built a friendship with the Abbot Suger which was to serve him well in his early years as king.

In the same year he was crowned King of France, Louis VII was married on 22 July 1137 to Eleanor of Aquitaine, heiress of William X of Aquitaine. The pairing of the monkish Louis VII and the high-spirited Eleanor was doomed to failure; she once reportedly declared that she had thought to marry a King, only to find she'd married a monk. They had only two daughters, Marie and Alix.

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In the first part of Louis VII's reign he was vigorous and jealous of his prerogatives, but after his Crusade his piety limited his ability to become an effective statesman. His accession was marked by no disturbances, save the uprisings of the burgesses of Orléans and of Poitiers, who wished to organize communes. But soon he came into violent conflict with Pope Innocent II. The archbishopric of Bourges became vacant, and the King supported as candidate the chancellor Cadurc, against the Pope's nominee Pierre de la Chatre, swearing upon relics that so long as he lived Pierre should never enter Bourges. This brought the interdict upon the King's lands.

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Louis VII then became involved in a war with Theobald II of Champagne, by permitting Raoul I of Vermandois and seneschal of France, to repudiate his wife, Theobald II's niece, and to marry Petronilla of Aquitaine, sister of the queen of France. Champagne also sided with the Pope in the dispute over Bourges. The war lasted two years (1142–44) and ended with the occupation of Champagne by the royal army. Louis VII was personally involved in the assault and burning of the town of Vitry. More than a thousand people who had sought refuge in the church died in the flames. Overcome with guilt, and humiliated by ecclesiastical contempt, Louis admitted defeat, removing his armies from Champagne and returning them to Theobald, accepting Pierre de la Chatre, and shunning Ralph and Petronilla. Desiring to atone for his sins, he then declared on Christmas Day 1145 at Bourges his intention of going on a crusade. Bernard of Clairvaux assured its popularity by his preaching at Vezelay (Easter 1146).

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Meanwhile in 1144, Geoffrey the Handsome, Count of Anjou, completed his conquest of Normandy. In exchange for being recognised as Duke of Normandy by Louis, Geoffrey surrendered half of the Vexin — a region considered vital to Norman security — to Louis. Considered a clever move by Louis at the time, it would later prove yet another step towards Angevin power.

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In June 1147 Louis VII and his queen, Eleanor, set out from Metz, Lorraine, on the overland route to Syria. Just beyond Laodicea the French army was ambushed by Turks. The French were bombarded by arrows and heavy stones, the Turks swarmed down from the mountains and the massacre began. The historian Odo of Deuil reported:

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During the fighting the King [Louis] lost his small and famous royal guard, but he remained in good heart and nimbly and courageously scaled the side of the mountain by gripping the tree roots … The enemy climbed after him, hoping to capture him, and the enemy in the distance continued to fire arrows at him. But God willed that his cuirass should protect him from the arrows, and to prevent himself from being captured he defended the crag with his bloody sword, cutting off many heads and hands.

Louis VII and his army finally reached the Holy Land in 1148. His queen Eleanor supported her uncle, Raymond of Antioch, and prevailed upon Louis to help Antioch against Aleppo. But Louis VII's interest lay in Jerusalem, and so he slipped out of Antioch in secret. He united with Conrad III of Germany and King Baldwin III of Jerusalem to lay siege to Damascus; this ended in disaster and the projectwas abandoned. Louis VII decided to leave the Holy Land, despite the protests of Eleanor, who still wanted to help her doomed uncle Raymond of Antioch. Louis VII and the French army returned home in 1149.

The expedition came to a great cost to the royal treasury and military. It also precipitated a conflict with Eleanor, leading to the annulment of their marriage at the council of Beaugency (March 1152). The pretext of kinship was the basis for annulment; in fact, it owed more to the state of hostility between the two, and the decreasing odds that their marriage would produce a male heir tothe throne of France. Eleanor subsequently married Henry, Count of Anjou, the future Henry II of England, in the following May, giving him the duchy of Aquitaine, three daughters, and five sons. Louis VII led an ineffective war against Henry for having married without the authorization of his suzerain; the result was a humiliation for the enemies of Henry and Eleanor, who saw their troops routed,their lands ravaged, and their property stolen. Louis reacted by coming down with a fever, and returned to the Ile de France.

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In 1154 Louis VII married Constance of Castile, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile. She, too, failed to give him a son and heir, bearing only two daughters, Margaret and Alys.

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Louis having produced no sons by 1157, Henry II of England began to believe that he might never do so, and that consequently the succession of France would be left in question. Determined to secure a claim for his family, he sent the Chancellor, Thomas Becket, to press for a marriage between Princess Marguerite and Henry's heir, also called Henry. Louis, surprisingly, agreed to this proposal, and by the Treaty of Gisors (1158) betrothed the young pair, giving as a dowry the Norman Vexin and Gisors

Constance died in childbirth on 4 October 1160, and five weeks later Louis VII married Adela of Champagne. Henry II, to counterbalance the advantage this would give the King of France, had the marriage of their children (Henry "the Young King" and Marguerite) celebrated at once. Louis understood the danger of the growing Angevin power; however, through indecision and lack of fiscal and military resources compared to Henry II's, he failed to oppose Angevin hegemony effectively. One of his few successes, in 1159, was his trip to Toulouse to aid Raymond V, the Count of the city who had been attacked by Henry II: after he entered into the city with a small escort, claiming to be visiting the Countess his sister, Henry declared that he could not attack the city whilst his liege lord was inside, and went home.

At the same time the emperor Frederick I (1152–1190) in the east was making good the imperial claims on Arles. When the schism broke out, Louis VII took the part of the Pope Alexander III, the enemy of Frederick I, and after two comical failures of Frederick I to meet Louis VII at Saint Jean de Losne (on 29 August and 22 September 1162), Louis VII definitely gave himself up to the cause of Alexander III, who lived at Sens from 1163 to 1165. Alexander III gave the King, in return for his loyal support, the golden rose.

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More importantly for French — and English — history would be his support for Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, whom he tried to reconcile with Henry II. Louis sided with Becket as much to damage Henry as out of piousness — yet even he grew irritated with the stubbornness of the archbishop, asking when Becket refused Henry's conciliations, "Do you wish to be more than a Saint?"

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He also supported Henry's rebellious sons, and encouraged Plantagenet disunity by making Henry's sons, rather than Henry himself, the feudal overlords of the Angevin territories in France; but the rivalry amongst Henry's sons and Louis's own indecisiveness broke up the coalition (1173–1174) between them. Finally, in 1177, the Pope intervened to bring the two Kings to terms at Vitry.

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Finally, nearing the end of his life, Louis' third wife bore him a son and heir, Philip II Augustus. Louis had him crowned at Reims in 1179, in the Capetian tradition (Philip would in fact be the last King so crowned). Already stricken with paralysis, King Louis VII himself was not able to be present at the ceremony. He died on September 18, 1180 at the Abbey at Saint-Pont, Allier and is interred in Saint Denis Basilica.

 Sources

  • Individual: Erwin van den Braak - Tielen - BRAAK, VAN DEN Web Site (Smart Match)

  Photos and archival records

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sosa Philippe I° ,Roi de FRANCE, 2 196 676 096- 1052-1108 sosa Bertrade (Berthe) de HOLLANDE (de FRISE), 2 196 676 097- 1055-1094 sosa Humbert II le Renforcé de SAVOIE, 1 098 195 392 -2 196 676 098- 2 332 640 954 - 4 392 781 380 1070-1103 sosa Gisele de BOURGOGNE, 1 098 195 393 - 1 166 320 509 - 2 196 676 099- 2 332 640 955 - 4 392 781 381 1070-1133
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sosa Louis VI le Gros CAPETIEN, 1 098 338 048 1081-1137 sosa Adélaïde de SAVOIE, 1 098 338 049 1092-1154
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sosa Louis VII le Jeune de FRANCE, 549 169 024 1120-1180



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