Sosa :46,571,143
 Queen of England, Eleanor of Castile /Castilla/


  • Born about 1244 - Burgos, Castille and Leon, Spain
  • Deceased 28 November 1290 - Harby, Nottinghamshire, England,aged about 46 years old

 Parents

 Spouses and children

 Notes

Individual Note

{European Aristocrat
| house = House of Plantagenet
| image = European Aristocrats Project-16.png
}
{British Isles 742-1499|title place=England}

== Biography ==There is little record of Eleanor's life i
n England until the 1260s, when the Second Barons' War, between Henry III and his barons, dividedthe kingdom. It is untrue that she was sent to France to escape danger during the war; she was in England throughout the struggle ... supporting Edward. She even imported archers from her mother's county of Ponthieu.
Rumours that she was seeking fresh troops from Castile led the baronial leader, Simon de Montfort, to order her removal from Windsor Castlein June 1264 after the royalist army had been defeated at the Battle of Lewes.
Edward was captured at Lewes and imprisoned, while Eleanor was confined at Westminster Palace.
After Edward and Henry's army defeated the baronial army at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, Edward took a major role in reforming the government and Eleanor rose to prominence at his side.
Her position greatly improved in July 1266 after she had borne three short-lived daughters. She finally gave birth to a son, John, who was followed by a second, Henry, in the spring of 1268, and in 1269 by a healthy daughter, Eleanor.

===Vitals===
"Castile and Leon" is the English translation for a governmental authority, within the country of Spain, which was created by statute in 1983. So, the place is correct (my bad - sorry!). At least it pinpoints the city of her birth and identifies it as it is known today. I think,however, that the consensus on the G2G discussions has been to name places as they were at the time of the event in the language the peoplewho lived there spoke. True or not true? Personally, when I run intothe issue...and trust me - I have a TON of profiles that uploaded with present day geographical locations that are now waiting to be changed...I try to list the historic name and add a parenthetic suffix that says "(present day Name Of Location)".Burgos was founded in 884AD as an outpost castle and today is a Spanish city of around 180,000 in population. The region around it became known as Castile which became, by the 11th century, the "Reino de Castilla" (in Spanish) or "Regnum Castellae" (in Latin) and we know it in English as the Kingdom of Castile. BUT the kingdom was disestablished in 1230 - just before the date of birth on Eleanor's WikiTree profile. According to the online sources listed, "circa 1244" may be 'good enough' as a d.o.b.
Alfonzo VII, Emporer of Spain (House of Ivrea) split his kingdom between his sons. Sancho III became King of Castile while his brother Ferdinand II became King of Leon. The kingdoms became and remained rivals while the tradition of dividing the kingdom between royal children continued. In 1217, Eleanor's grandfather, Alfonzo IX received Castile from his mother. In 1230, he received Leon from his father. He merged the two courts and added areas conquered from the Moors including Cordoba, Murcia, Jaen and Seville. The result became "Corona de Castilla" in Spanish or "Corona Castellae" in Latin or the (Crown of Castile as we know it in English) with Burgos as its capital.
So, if I were modifying the profile, I'd say she was born in Burgos, Castilla (present day Burgos, Province of Burgos, Castile and Leon, Spain).BTW, the Peerage website says she was born circa 1244 but but Wikipedia says it was1241. The Encyclopedia Brittanica, on its website www.brittanica.com, says it was 1246. Did any of the more authoritative sources listed on her profile state a date more specific. Regards,

Michele Britten Camera
Eleanor de Castilla; [http://thepeerage.com/p10191.htm#i101904 thepeerage.com]
b. c. 1244 Castile: p. Fernando III, Rey de Castilla y León and Jeanne d'Aumale, Comtesse de Ponthieu: m. Edward I 'Longshanks' of England 18 Oct 1254 Abbey of Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.
d. 28 Nov 1290 Harby, Nottinghamshire
bur. Westminster Abbey.

===Titles===
  • Eleanor "Leonora" de Castilla (EN: Eleanor of Castile)
  • 19 Aug 1274: Queen Consort of England
  • Mar 1279: Comtesse de Montreuil
  • Mar 1279: Comtesse de Ponthieu

== Marriage and Children ==: m. 1254 Burgos, Burgos. Issue:

: Joan
Henry
Margaret
Elizabeth
Joan of Acre
Alphonso Chester
Edward II
Berengaria
Julianna
Isabel
Alice
Eleanor

== Crusades==By 1270, the kingdom was pacified and Edward and Eleanor left to joinhis uncle Louis IX of France on the Eighth Crusade. Louis died at Carthage before they arrived, however, and after they spent the winter inSicily, the couple went on to Acre in Palestine, where they arrived in May 1271. Eleanor gave birth to a daughter, known as "Joanna of Acre" for her birthplace.
The crusade was militarily unsuccessful, but Baibars of the Bahri dynasty was worried enough by Edward's presence at Acre that an assassination attempt was made on the English heir in June 1272. He was woundedin the arm by a dagger that was thought to be poisoned. The wound soon became seriously inflamed, and an English surgeon saved him by cutting away the diseased flesh, but only after Eleanor was led from his bed, "weeping and wailing."[citation needed] Later storytellers embellished this incident, claiming Eleanor sucked poison from the wound, but this fanciful tale has no foundation.
They left Palestine in September 1272 and in Sicily that December they learned of Henry III's death (on 16 Nov 1272). Edward and Eleanor returned to England and were crowned together on 19 August 1274.

== Death ==
Location: 'Harby' (near Lincoln)
'Eleanor Crosses': Thirteen once existed, but only those of Northampton & Waltham survive.:funeral procession art; Burke's Peerage; Chamber's Biographical Dictionary
Eleonor lies at the feet of Henry III. Her heart is buried in Blackfriars Church, London; and her entrails buried at Lincoln Cathedral.

==Death and burial of Eleanor of Castile==(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Eleanor died at Harby (Nottinghamshire) on 28 November 1290. Her remains were interred in three locations- body at Westminster, entrails (viscera) at Lincoln Cathedral and heart at Blackfriars priory in London. In addition, twelve commemorativecrosses were erected to mark to journey of the queen's body from Lincoln to Westminster.
Her burial at Westminster. (Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Her embalmed remains arrived at Charing in London on 14 December 1290. Two days later Eleanor was interred in Westminster Abbey wearing a crown and bearing a scepter, her brow and chest sprinkled with gold-leaf in the shape of a cross. In 1291 Edward I commissioned gilt-bronze effigies for Eleanor's tombs at Westminster and Lincoln, together with a gilt-bronze effigy for his father Henry III's recently completed tomb at Westminster. In 1292 Edward I founded a chantry at Westminster for the queen's weekly and yearly anniversary prayers. Eleanor's Westminster tombeffigy was installed by spring 1293 and depicts the queen crowned, wearing a tunic and mantle, the left hand clasping the mantle cord, and the right holding a scepter, since lost.
Eleanor's viscera tomb at Lincoln. (Royal tombs of Medieval England)Eleanor's Lincoln tomb stood in the Lady Chapel near the new shrine of St. Hugh. It was demolished by (Cromwell's) Parliamentarian troops in mid-17th century, but was recorded by William Sedgwick around 1641 as having a gilt-bronze effigy and arcaded heraldic tomb-chest.
Eleanor's heart burial at Blackfriars London. (Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Her heart monument at Blackfriars featured a 'casket' (cista) supplied by the mason, William de Hoo, and had three gilt images and figure of an angel holding a heart. There are no other records of the monument, which was most likely stripped when the priory church became a parish church around 1550 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
Eleanor's commemorative crosses. (Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Eleanor's twelve commemorative stone crosses were erected along the processional route of the queen's coffin between Lincoln and Westminster. They stood at Lincoln, Grantham, Stamford, Geddington, Hardingstone, Stony Stratford, Woburn, Dunstable, St. Albans, Waltham, Cheapside and Charing. Only the Hardingstone, Geddington and Waltham crosses survive, together with fragments of the Charing monument. The three survivingcrosses share a common format in which statues of the queen stand before a central shaft terminating in a cross, above a pedestal bearing shields with her arms.

==Sources==
  • Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 p. 84-88

    : Ashley, Mike (2008). A Brief History of British Kings and Queens. pp. 164-173. Philadelphia, PA: Running Press Book Publishers. Print.
    : Dilba, C (2009). Memoria Reginae: Das Memorialprogramm für Eleonore von Kastilien, Hildesheim.
    : "Eleanor" [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?eu=32818&tocid=0&query=%22eleanor%20of%20castile%22 Encyclopædia Britannica]
    : Parsons, J. C. (1995). Eleanor of Castile, Queen and Society in Thirteenth-Century England, (pp. 9). N.p.
    : Parsons, J.C. (1998). 'Que nos lactauit in infancia': The Impact ofChildhood Care-givers on Plantagenet Family Relationships in the Thirteenth and Early Fourteenth Centuries," in Women, Marriage, and Familyin Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B, ed. Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. pp. 289-324. Kalamazoo: Rosenthal.
    : Parsons, J. C. (1984). The Year of Eleanor of Castile's Birth and Her Children by Edward I. Medieval Studies 46, pp. 245-265. (See pp. 246 n. 3).
    : Roberts, G.B. (n.d.). Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants to the American Colonies. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.
    : Stevenson, W.H. (1888). "The Death of Queen Eleanor of Castile." The English Historical Review, 3(10), pp. 315-318. Oxford UniversityPress. Retrieved from [http://www.jstor.org/stable/546367 jstor.org]
    : Stuart, R.W. (2002). Royalty for Commoners: The Complete Known Lineage of John of Gaunt, Son of Edward III, King of England, and Queen Phillipa, 4th ed (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002)
    NAME: _PGVN Eleanor
    NAME: _MARN Plantagenet
    OBJE: AUTH Michele Camera
    OBJE: AUTH John Atkinson
    OBJE: AUTH Bree Ogle
    OBJE: AUTH Darrell Parker
    OBJE: AUTH Elizabeth Ross
    OBJE: AUTH Lindsay Coleman

  Photos and archival records

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 Family Tree Preview

Alfonso Fernández Bourgogne 1171-1230 Berenguela Alfónsez Bourgogne 1180-1246 Simon Dammartin ca 1180-1239 Marie Jeanne Ponthieu 1199-1250
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Fernando Alfónsez Bourgogne 1201-1252 Jeanne Dammartin 1216-1279
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Leonor Castilla ca 1244-1290