• Born in 1398 - Angus, Scotland
  • Deceased in October 1437 - Angus, Scotland,aged 39 years old


 Spouses and children



On the side of Princess Mary Stewart Of Scotland ca 1380-1458


Individual Note

William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
William Douglas
Earl of Angus
PredecessorNew Creation
SuccessorWilliam Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus
Spouse(s)Margaret Hay

James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus
George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus
William Douglas of Cluny
Hugh Douglas, Rector of St. Andrews
Helen Douglas
FatherGeorge Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus
MotherMary of Scotland, Countess of Angus
Tantallon Castle
William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus (c. 1398 1437) was a Scottish nobleman and soldier. The son of George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus and Princess Mary of Scotland, he was a grandson of King Robert III.

The story of Angus' life is interwoven with that of his uncle and King, James I of Scotland.

Angus was born about 1398 at Tantallon Castle in East Lothian. He inherited the Earldom of Angus in 1402, following his father's death of the plague whilst in English captivity, following the Battle of Homildon Hill.

Contents [hide]
1 Return of King James
2 Royal Gaoler
3 Warden of the Marches
4 Later life
5 Marriage and issue
6 References
Return of King James[edit]
In 1420, Angus was nominated as one of twenty-one noblemen to be delivered as hostages to the English court as security for the ransom of King James I. James had been captured by the English in 1406, and was held by first Henry IV of England, and latterly by his son Henry V of England. During the king's captivity, Scotland was ruled by his uncle Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, who had been in no hurry to pay his nephew's ransom. Following the death of Albany in 1420 the Scots finally paid the ransom monies owed. Whatever the machinations that followed, Angus was not included on the final list of hostages, but was one of the party of Scots nobles who met their King at Durham, in 1424. The King was escorted triumphally back to Scotland, and Angus received a Knighthood from the King at his coronation at Scone Abbey on the 2 June of that year.

Royal Gaoler[edit]
In 1425, a purge took place of the Albany Stewarts and their adherents. The trial which followed at Stirling Castle, included Angus amongst a large faction of Douglas nobles within the jury. Facing execution were, Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, his two sons Alaisdair and Walter, and the Earl of Lennox. The widowed Duchess of Albany, was held a close prisoner at Tantallon under the supervision of Angus for eight years.

In 1429, King James went north to deal with the ever troublesome Lord of the Isles. Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross. This in response to Alexander and his islemen's burning of Inverness. Angus was a captain in the Royal army and when Islay finally submitted to the King at Holyrood Abbey he was entrusted to the keeping of Angus at Tantallon for two years.

Warden of the Marches[edit]
In 1430 Angus was sent on embassy to England as one of the commissioners to negotiate an extension of the truce with the newly crowned Henry VI of England which was prolonged for five years. Later in that year was constituted as the Warden of the Middle March. In 1435 Angus led a troop of men to invest Dunbar Castle. The castellan, George II, Earl of March, had previously been made a ward of the King, and the garrison surrendered the castle bloodlessly.

Dunbar castle was then held of the King by Angus and Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes.

Dunbar fled to England calling for help in regaining Dunbar castle by force of arms. This help materialised in the spring of 1435 when Sir Robert Ogle, the Governor of Berwick upon Tweed, with Henry Percy and 4000 men marched north to retake the Castle. Angus, with Hepburn and Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, decided not to undergo a siege and engaged with the English forces at the Battle of Piperdean, near to Cockburnspath. This encounter resulted in defeat for the English but with little loss of life. Fifteen hundred prisoners were taken and ransomed.

Later life[edit]
Angus continued to consolidate his estates, often at the expense of his cousins the Black Douglases, taking positions and fortresses previously held by the Earls of Douglas, such as Lintalee and finally Hermitage Castle for a time. Following the assassination of his uncle, King James in February 1437, Angus was instrumental in the pursuit and capture of the conspirators. These included, Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, a great-uncle of Angus himself. Angus died in the October of the same year, aged thirty-nine.

Marriage and issue[edit]
Angus' mother remarried in 1409 to Sir James Kennedy younger of Dunure. It is thought that around this time that Angus was betrothed through negotiations by his grandmother, Margaret Stewart, 4th Countess of Angus, to Margaret Hay, daughter of Sir William Hay of Yester. They married in 1425 and they had five children:

James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus
George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus
William Douglas of Cluny
Hugh Douglas, Rector of St. Andrews
Helen Douglas, m. 1st. Patrick Graham, 2nd Lord Graham 2nd. James Ogilvy, 1st Lord Ogilvy of Airlie
Latterly, Angus' sister, Lady Elizabeth Douglas, would marry his brother in law, Sir David Hay of Yester. Through their son John Hay, 1st Lord Hay of Yester they are the ancestors of the Marquesses of Tweeddale.

Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1888). "Douglas, William (1398?1437)". Dictionary of National Biography 15. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
George DouglasEarl of Angus
14021437Succeeded by
James Douglas

William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus1 (M)
b. circa 1398, d. October 1437, #108218
Last Edited=22 Aug 2003
Consanguinity Index=0.1%

William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus was born circa 1398.1 He was the son of George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus and Lady Mary Stewart.1 He married Margaret Hay, daughter of Sir William Hay and Alice, on 3 December 1414.2,3 He and Margaret Hay were engaged on 12 December 1410.2 He died in October 1437.2
William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl of Angus [S., 1389] in 1402.2 In 1423 he was one of the negotiators for the release of King James I.2 He held the office of Ambassador to England in 1430.2 He held the office of Warden of the Middle Marches in 1433.2 He fought in the Battle of Piperdon on 10 September 1436, where he defeated the English.2,3

Children of William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus and Margaret Hay
James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus b. b 1428, d. b 9 Sep 14462
George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus+ b. b 1429, d. 14 Nov 14622
William Douglas b. b 1437, d. 14754
Hugh Douglas b. b 1437, d. 14664
Elene Douglas+ b. b 1437, d. a 20 Nov 14864


1. [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 228. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
2. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 155. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
3. [S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 26. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.
4. [S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 1281. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.

  Photos and archival records

{{ media.title }}

{{ mediasCtrl.getTitle(media, true) }}
{{ media.date_translated }}

 Family Tree Preview

Sir Archibald Douglas ca 1290-1333 Beatrice De Lindsay ca 1285-/1352 Thomas Stewart /1331-1361 Margaret Sinclair 1324- King Robert II Of Scotland 1316-1390 Elizabeth Mure ca 1320-ca 1358 John Drummond ca 1330-1373 Mary Montefex Of Menteith ca 1332-




| | | |
William Douglas 1st Earl Of Douglas ca 1327-1384 Margaret Stewart ca 1345-/1418 King Robert III Of Scotland 1348-1406 Annabella Drummond ca 1350-1401


| |
George Douglas 1380-1402/ Princess Mary Stewart Of Scotland ca 1380-1458

William Douglas 1398-1437