M Halfdanr III Gudrødsson AV VESTFOLD Svarti

Sosa :67,682,513,728
(Halfdanr III GudrødssonAV VESTFOLD)
Kong av VESTFOLD 830-863 Kong av AGDER

  • Born in 824 - Vestfold, Vestfold, Østlandet, NORVÈGE
  • Deceased in 864 - Randsfjorden, NORVÈGE,aged 40 years old
2 files available 2 files available

 Parents

 Spouses and children

 Half-siblings

On the side of Guðrǫðr Halfdansson Veiðikonungr / Enn gǫfugláti AV VESTFOLD, Kong av VESTFOLD og ROMERIK , born in 754 - Holtum, Vestfold, NORVÈGE, deceased in 826 - Vestfold, Vestfold, Østlandet, NORVÈGE aged 72 years old

 Notes

Birth

Surnom en français : "Le Noir".
Halfdan "Swarti/the Black" ([830]-Rykinsvik [870], bur Ringerike, Ringarik, Hedmark and Vestfold). The Ynglinga Saga names Halfdan as son of Gudröd "the Hunter" and his second wife. The Historia Norwegie names "Halfdanus…Niger" as son and successor of "Guthrodum Regem Venatorem", recording that he died after falling through the ice while travelling across a frozen lake "Rond". Snorre recounts that, after his father's death, his mother took Halfdan to Agder where he became king when aged eighteen, at which time he went to Vestfold and divided that kingdom with his half-brother Olaf. He extended his domain to other parts of eastern Norway, probably also to the Sognefjord area on the west coast. He died, aged 40, after falling through the ice while riding over Rykinsvik bight. According to the Saga of Halfdan the Black, different districts claimed the honour of being Halfdan's burial place, and to satisfy all of them his body was divided into four parts and buried in Raumarik, Ringarik, Hedmark and Vestfold.
---------------------
Halfdan the Black (Old Norse: Halfdanr Svarti) (9th century?) was a king of Vestfold. He belonged to the House of Yngling and was the father of Harald Fairhair, the first king of a unified Norway.
In sagas
According to Heimskringla and Fagrskinna, Halfdan was the son of the Yngling King Gudrød the Hunter. Heimskringla also names his mother, as Åsa, daughter of King Harald of Agder, and his half-brother as Olaf Geirstad-Alf. Heimskringla relates that when Halfdan's father was killed, Åsa took the 1 year-old Halfdan and returned to Agder, where Halfdan was raised. When he was 18 or 19 years old, Halfdan became king of Agder. He quickly began adding to his kingdom, through political negotiation and military conquest. He divided the kingdom of Vestfold with his brother Olaf and, through military action, persuaded King Gandalf of Vingulmark to cede half his kingdom. Based on the formulaic nature of his ties to his predecessors, his strong affiliation with Agder, and the failure of an early saga dedicated to him to name any family connections, some scholars have suggested that the linkage to the earlier Yngling dynasty of Vestfold was a later invention, created to associate a conquering Halfdan and his son Harald Fairhair with the family glorified in the Ynglingatal, whom he had displaced.
Halfdan next is said to have subdued an area called Raumarike. To secure his claim to Raumarike, Halfdan first defeated and killed the previous ruler, Sigtryg Eysteinsson, in battle. He then defeated Sigtryg's brother and successor Eystein, in a series of battles. This established Halfdan's claim not only to Raumarike, but also to half of Hedmark, the core of Sigtryg and Eystein's kingdom. These details are only mentioned in Heimskringla.
Fagrskinna and Heimskringla both agree that Halfdan's first wife was Ragnhild, daughter of King Harald Gulskeg (Goldbeard) of Sogn. Halfdan and Ragnhild had a son named "Harald" after his grandfather, and they sent him to be raised at his grandfather's court. Harald Gulskeg, being elderly, named his grandson as his successor, shortly before his death. Ragnhild died shortly after her father, and the young king Harald fell sick and died the next spring. When Halfdan heard about his son's death, he travelled to Sogn and laid claim to the title of king. No resistance was offered, and Halfdan added Sogn to his realm. The narrative in Heimskringla then adds another conquest for King Halfdan. In Vingulmark, the sons of Gandalf of Vingulmark,Hysing, Helsing, and Hake, attempted to ambush Halfdan at night, but he escaped into the forest. After raising an army, he returned to defeat the brothers, killing Hysing and Helsing. Hake fled the country, and Halfdan became king of all of Vingulmark.
According to Heimskringla, Halfdan's second wife, also named Ragnhild, had been kidnapped from her home by Hake, a "berserker" who encountered her father in Hadeland and killed him. Halfdan had her kidnapped from Hake, so that he could marry her. Fagrskinna does not mention any of these details. However, both sagas agree that Ragnhild and Halfdan had a son who was also named Harald. (Among the more unlikely claims in Fagrskinna and Heimskringla are that this woman was Ragnhild Sigurdsdotter,daughter of Sigurd Hjort, king of Ringerike. This would make Ragnhild the granddaughter or even great-granddaughter of Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye – an impossibility, given that most sources suggest that Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye was active only in the late 9th century, which would mean that he was born a generation or two after Halfdan the Black.)
Halvdanshaugen
Heimskringla, Fagrskinna, Ágrip and Historia Norwegiæ all relate that Halfdan drowned when he fell through the ice at the inlet Røykenvik in the lake Randsfjorden on his return home from Hadeland. His horse and sleigh broke through ice weakened by cattle dung near a watering hole dug in the frozen lake. He was buried in a mound at Stein in Ringerike (Halvdanshaugen på Stein)
Heimskringlas narrative adds that each of the districts of his kingdom wanted to claim his grave, and that it was agreed to divide his body into four pieces so each district could bury a piece of it, resulting in four different sites called Halvdanshaugen (from the Old Norse word haugr meaning mound). According to this version, only his head is buried in Ringerike.
Sources
No contemporary sources mention Halfdan, and the details of his life that are provided by later kings' sagas are considered semi-legendary by modern historians. Although he has his own saga in Heimskringla, it lacks any skaldic verse, which is normally used by Snorri as supporting evidence and this, combined with its rather legendary character, leads historians to be wary of seeing much veracity in it. The "Black" nickname was given to him because of his black hair.[7]
Halfdan is mentioned in Snorri Sturluson's Heimskringla (c. 1230), Fagrskinna (c. 1220), Ágrip (c. 1190) and Historia Norwegiæ (late 12th century). The most elaborate story is found in the latest saga, Heimskringla. According to the Latin Historia Norwegiæ, Halvdan was a king "in montanis" (in the mountains), which is usually equivalent to Oppland in the Old Norse. This conflicts with the version told in Heimskringla.

Death

Randsfjorden

 Family Note

Marriage with Ragnhildr Sigurðardóttir AV RINGERIKE

Halfdanr III Gudrødsson av VESTFOLD marié deux fois :
- avec Ragnhild av SOGN, puis
- avec Ragnhild av RINGERIKE.

 Sources

  Photos and archival records

{{ media.title }}

{{ mediasCtrl.getTitle(media, true) }}
{{ media.date_translated }}

 Family Tree Preview

Halvdan II Øysteinsson "Den Gavmilde" ou "Den Milde Og Mat-Ille" AV YNGLINGAÄTTEN, 5ème Roi de VESTFOLD (vers 780- vers 800) 2ème Roi de ROMERIKE 736-802 Liv Dagsdotter FRA VESTMAR ca 738- Harald Graunraude AV AGDER ca 775- Gunhild Ragnvaldsdatter AV HUSEBY ca 775-
||||






||
Guðrǫðr Halfdansson Veiðikonungr / Enn gǫfugláti AV VESTFOLD, Kong av VESTFOLD og ROMERIK 754-826 Åsa Haraldsdotter AV AGDER, Reine d'AGDER ROMERIKE et VINGULMARK ca 800-834/
||



|
Halfdanr III Gudrødsson Svarti AV VESTFOLD, Kong av VESTFOLD 830-863 Kong av AGDER 824-864