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 Mariscal
Président de la République du Paraguay(1862-1870), Maréchal du Paraguay(1870)

  • Born 24 July 1827 (Tuesday) - ASUNCION (Paraguay)
  • Deceased 1 March 1870 (Tuesday) - CERRO CORA (Paraguay),aged 42 years old
  • Ministre plénipotentiaire du Paraguay (en France),
    du Paraguay (en Angleterre) et
    du Paraguay (en Italie) (1853),

 Parents

 
  • Juriste
  •  Spouses and children

     Siblings

    • M Francisco Solano LOPEZ, Président de la République du Paraguay 1827-1870 Relationship about 1854 withElisa LYNCH, Courtisane 1835-1886
    • M Benigno LOPEZ ca 1830-

     Paternal grand-parents, uncles and aunts

     Maternal grand-parents, uncles and aunts

     Notes

    Individual Note

    Francisco Solano López (24 July 1827 1 March 1870) was president of Paraguay from 1862 until his death in 1870.

    He was the eldest son of president Carlos Antonio López, whom he succeeded.

    Considered ambitious, perhaps arrogant, López is widely regarded as being responsible for the War of the Triple Alliance, which led to his death.

    Thereupon several hundred prominent Paraguayan citizens were seized and executed by his order, including his brothers and brothers-in-law, cabinet ministers, judges, prefects, military officers, bishops and priests, and nine-tenths of the civil officers, together with more than two hundred foreigners, among them several members of the diplomatic legations (the San Fernando massacres).

    During this time he also had his mother flogged and ordered her execution, and also attempted to have himself canonized by the local bishops

    López was at last driven with a mere handful of troops to the northern frontier of Paraguay, where, in the Battle of Cerro Corá on 1 March 1870, he was surprised by a Brazilian force and killed by a grenadier as he tried to escape by swimming the river Aquidaban.

    http://geneweb.inria.fr/roglo?lang=fr;i=1689981

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    1811 L'avocat José Gaspar Rodriguez Francia prend le pouvoir, et gouverna le pays d'une main de fer durant 24 années.

    1844 Carlos Antonio Lopez débarque au pouvoir.

    1865 Inquiets par la réussite économique du Paraguay, l'Argentine, l'Uruguay et le Brésil signent la Triple Alliance pour tenter d'abattre cette petite nation.

    1867 Terrible épidémies de choléra.

    1870 Fin de la guerre à la bataille de l'Aquidaban, le pays est anéanti. Plus de la moitié des 525 000 paraguayens sont morts, et il reste à peine 29 000 hommes adultes. Le Paraguay est reconstruit par les femmes, qui se résignent à la polygamie.

    Entre 1870 et 1932 Le pays change trente-deux fois de président, 6 sont victimes coup d'état et 2 sont assassinés

    Family Note

    Sept Enfants

      Photos and archival records

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     Family Tree Preview

    Y LOPEZ ca 1760- X X ca 1765- Y CARILLO ca 1785- Magdalena VIANA, Dona ca 1780-
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    Carlos Antonio LOPEZ, Président de la République du Paraguay 1790-1862 Juana Pabla CARILLO VIANA ca 1805-
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    Francisco Solano LOPEZ, Président de la République du Paraguay 1827-1870