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(Louis Denis Jules GAVARRET)
Médecin , Académie de Médecine (31 août 1858 - 1882_Président)

  • Né le 28 janvier 1809 (samedi) - ASTAFFORT 47
  • Décédé le 21 août 1890 (jeudi) - PARIS 75 , à l’âge de 81 ans
  • Professeur à la Faculté de Médecine

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French physician who was born in Astaffort, a town in the canton of Lot-et-Garonne. He graduated from l'Ecole Polytechnique in Paris.

Gavarret is remembered for the systemization and expansion of Pierre Charles Alexandre Louis' (1787-1872) statistical methodology in regards to medicine. Pierre Louis' contention was to make medicine an exact science in diagnosis of a medical condition, and also to refute the "inductive approach" that was prevalent at the time. Gavarret was a major catalyst regarding the statistical method. He emphasized that this process would only work under certain conditions, such as; the medical cases must be comparable, and there has to exist enough examples to reach an exact conclusion. Lavarett's precision or "confidence rate" was calculated to be 99.5% or a ratio of 212:1. In essence, the two doctors believed that through knowledge of the aggregate patient data, the disease and treatment would be understood.

In 1840, Gavarret and Gabriel Andral (1797-1876) were the first to show that blood composition varied depending on the pathological condition of the subject, and their research demonstrated the value of animal chemistry as a means of confirming diagnoses.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Denis_Jules_Gavarret
http://www.academie-medecine.fr

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