Athelstan of England
Athelstan of England
  • Born in 894
  • Deceased 27 October 939 - Gloucester, , Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom,aged 45 years old
  • King of Wessex, King of England, Archbishop
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Individual Note

Raised in the house of his aunt Aethelflaed. Possibly schooled in the monastery at Worcester. Literate from childhood. By the victory of Brunanburgh crushed his enemies, and achieved the sovereignty of the whole island and established the kingdom of England. Invaded York and demolished Danish fortifications there. Constantine, king of the Scots, Owain, king of the Cumbrians submitted to his rule. After reducing Wales he demanded 20 pounds of gold 300 pounds of silver, unlimited hawks and hounds and 25000 oxen yearly. He next defeated Cornwall.

Birth

ÆthelstanFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to searchThis article is about the tenth-century king. For other uses, see Æthelstan (disambiguation).ÆthelstanÆthelstan presenting a book to Saint CuthbertÆthelstan presenting a book to St Cuthbert, the earliest surviving portrait of an English king. Illustration in a manuscript of Bede's Life of Saint Cuthbert[1] presented by Æthelstan to the saint's shrine in Chester-le-Street. He wore a crown of the same design on his "crowned bust" coins.[2]King of the Anglo-SaxonsReign 924–927Coronation 4 September 925Kingston upon ThamesPredecessor Edward the Elder (or Ælfweard, disputed)King of the EnglishReign 927 – 27 October 939Successor Edmund IBorn c. 894WessexDied 27 October 939 (about 45)Gloucester, EnglandBurial Malmesbury AbbeyHouse WessexFather Edward the ElderMother EcgwynnÆthelstan or Athelstan (/ˈæθəlstæn/; Old English: Æðelstan [ˈæ.ðel.stɑn], Old Norse: Aðalsteinn, meaning "noble stone"; c. 894 – 27 October 939) was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 924 to 927 and King of the English from 927 to 939 when he died.[a] He was the son of King Edward the Elder and his first wife, Ecgwynn. Modern historians regard him as the first King of England and one of the greatest Anglo-Saxon kings. He never married and had no children. He was succeeded by his half-brother, Edmund.

When Edward died in July 924, Æthelstan was accepted by the Mercians as king. His half-brother Ælfweard may have been recognised as king in Wessex, but died within three weeks of their father's death. Æthelstan encountered resistance in Wessex for several months, and was not crowned until September 925. In 927 he conquered the last remaining Viking kingdom, York, making him the first Anglo-Saxon ruler of the whole of England. In 934 he invaded Scotland and forced Constantine II to submit to him, but Æthelstan's rule was resented by the Scots and Vikings, and in 937 they invaded England. Æthelstan defeated them at the Battle of Brunanburh, a victory which gave him great prestige both in the British Isles and on the Continent. After his death in 939 the Vikings seized back control of York, and it was not finally reconquered until 954.

Æthelstan centralised government; he increased control over the production of charters and summoned leading figures from distant areas to his councils. These meetings were also attended by rulers from outside his territory, especially Welsh kings, who thus acknowledged his overlordship. More legal texts survive from his reign than from any other 10th-century English king. They show his concern about widespread robberies, and the threat they posed to social order. His legal reforms built on those of his grandfather, Alfred the Great. Æthelstan was one of the most pious West Saxon kings, and was known for collecting relics and founding churches. His household was the centre of English learning during his reign, and it laid the foundation for the Benedictine monastic reform later in the century. No other West Saxon king played as important a role in European politics as Æthelstan, and he arranged the marriages of several of his sisters to continental rulers.

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Alfred the Great of England ca 846-899 St Ealhswith of Mercia 852-905  
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Edward the Elder of England 875-924 Ecgwynn (Elfleda ) Bernicie ca 875-897
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Athelstan of England 894-939