M Ferdinand "the Saint" de Castilla y León El Santo

(Ferdinand "the Saint"de Castilla y León)


  • Born 5 August 1199 - Peleas de Arriba, Zamora, Castilla y León, Spain
  • Baptized 19 August 1201 - Monte de Valparaíso, Mombuey, Castilla y Léon, España
  • Deceased 30 May 1252 - Sevilla, Andalucia, España,aged 52 years old
  • Buried in June 1252 - Catedral de Santa María de la Sede de Sevilla, Sevilla, Andalucia, España
  • Rey de Castilla y de León

 Parents

 Spouses and children

 Siblings

(display)

 Events


 Notes

Individual Note

Excellent bio and breakdown of complicated family:
http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.co.uk/2009/07/spanish-warrior-saint.html



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_III_of_Castile

Fernando III de Castilla y León

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_III_de_Castilla_y_Le%C3%B3n



Fernando III de Castilla y de León, llamado el Santo (Peleas de Arriba, o Bolaños de Calatrava, Ciudad Real, c. 5 de agosto de 1199 – Sevilla, 30 de mayo 1252), fue Rey de Castilla (1217 – 1252) y de León (1230 – 1252). Es también conocido como Santo Rey Don Fernando, que fue canonizado por la Iglesia Católica en 1671, siendo Papa Clemente X. Asimismo fue el fundador de la villa de La Rinconada.

Hijo del rey Alfonso IX de León y de Berenguela de Castilla, el Papa Inocencio III declaró nulo en 1204 el matrimonio alegando el parentesco de los cónyuges, tras lo cual Berenguela volvió a la corte de su padre (el rey de Castilla) con todos sus hijos.

En 1219 casó con Elisabeth Hohenstaufen (Beatriz de Suabia) con la que tuvo diez hijos:

1) Alfonso, su sucesor

2) Fadrique

3) Fernando (1225–1243/1248)

4) Leonor (nacida 1227), muerta joven

5) Berenguela (1228–1288/89)

6) Enrique

7) Felipe (1231–1274)

8) Sancho, Arzobispo de Toledo y Sevilla (1233–1261)

9) Manuel, Señor de Villena

10) María, muerta en la infancia

Tras quedar viudo, casa en 1237 con Juana de Danmartín y tienen cinco hijos:

1) Fernando (1239–1269), conde de Aumale

2) Leonor, casada con Eduardo I de Inglaterra

3) Luis (1243–1269), casado con Juana Gómez de Manzanedo

4) Jimeno (1244), muerto joven y enterrado en un monasterio de Toledo

5) Juan (1245), muerto joven y enterrado en la catedralde Córdoba

Tras la temprana muerte del rey de Castilla Enrique I, hermano menor de su madre y la abdicación de ésta, obtiene en 1217 el reino de Castilla, en un acto realizado en la Plaza Mayorde Valladolid. Una vez nombrado rey, tuvo que enfrentarse a la casa de los Lara por una revuelta nobiliaria, fomentada por el vecino Reino de León. Contrae matrimonio con Beatriz de Suabia (1219). Apartir de 1224, aprovechando las discordias surgidas entre los almohades a la muerte de Abu Yacub Yusuf, dedicó su esfuerzo a dirigir las campañas de conquista de los territorios dominados por los musulmanes, combinando hábilmente las acciones diplomáticas con beneficiosas intervenciones bélicas que se valían de las discordias existentes en los distintos reinos musulmanes. Así, entre 1225 y 1227 las tropas castellanas se hacen con Andújar, Martos y Baeza, lugares clave para la conquista de Andalucía.

A la muerte de su padre Alfonso IX en 1230, rey de León, los partidarios de Fernando no respetaron su testamento, reivindicando el trono de León, que el rey, su padre, había legado a Sancha y Dulce, hijas de su matrimonio con Teresa de Portugal. Tras una reunión entre las dos princesas, Teresa de Portugal y Berenguela de Castilla, se firma el Tratado de Valencia de Don Juan, en el que se declara la inviabilidad del testamento de Alfonso IX y el traspaso de la corona de León a Fernando a cambio de una compensación económica a Dulce y Sancha, que incluía la cesión de tierras que se reincorporarían a Castilla cuando éstas murieran. De ese modo se unieron dinásticamente -siguieron conservando Cortes, leyes e instituciones diferentes- León y Castilla en la persona de Fernando.

Tras lograr la unión de sus reinos, se dedica de manera sistemática a la conquista del valle del Guadalquivir. En 1231 tomó el pueblo de Cazorla en Jaén, junto al arzobispo de Toledo, Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada. Las fuerzas reales se adueñan posteriormente de la campiña cordobesa y de forma inesperada se apoderan de la capital cordobesa en 1236. En 1243, el rey del taifa de Murcia se sometió a vasallaje y poco después su hijo, el Infante Alfonso, ocupó el reino murciano de forma pacífica. En 1244, se establecen las fronteras con el Reino de Aragón en el Tratado de Almizra, asignando al reino de Castilla las plazas de Orihuela, Elche y Alicante.

Desde entonces fue avanzando por el Guadalquivir. Jaén es conquistada tras años de ataques en 1246, y en noviembre del año 1248 se apodera de Sevilla, tras quince meses de asedio y con el auxilio del marino Ramón de Bonifaz, a quien el rey había encargado en 1247 la formación de una flota con naves procedentes del Cantábrico y con la que habría de remontar el río Guadalquivir y completar el cerco sobre laciudad. A la toma de Sevilla siguió la de Medina Sidonia y Arcos de la Frontera, entre otras. Cuando falleció en 1252, preparaba una expedición contra el norte de África, tratando de evitar las posibles amenazas que pudieran proceder de esa zona.

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Ferdinand III King of Castille (M)

b. circa 1200, d. 30 May 1252, #474

Ferdinand III King of Castille married Joan (?), daughter of Simon Dammartin Count of Aumale & Ponthieu and Mary (?). Ferdinand III King of Castille was born circa 1200. He was the son of Alphonso IX King of Leon and Castile and Berengia (?) Queen of Castile. Ferdinand III King of Castille died on 30 May 1252.

Child of Ferdinand III King of Castille and Joan (?):

Eleanor (?)+ b. c 1244, d. 29 Nov 1290

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Ferdinand III of Castile

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saint Ferdinand III



Born July 30 or August 5, 1199, monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora)

DiedMay 30, 1252, Sevilla, Spain

Venerated in Roman Catholic Church

Canonized 1271, Rome by Pope Clement X

Major shrine Cathedral of Sevilla

Feast May 30

Patronage University of Salamanca; Lucena City Cathedral of Burgos; Lucena Cathedral ; Cathedral of Sevilla; of friars (Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian)

Saint Ferdinand III (July 30 or August 5, 1199 – May 30, 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIIIand consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León. He was canonized in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or San Fernando.

St Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediately surrenderedit to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha and Dulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244).

St Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors. Through diplomacy and war,exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Iberian Peninsula. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between the Knights, the Church, and the nobility, whom he endowed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.



United arms of Castile and León which Ferdinand first used.The capture of Córdoba was the result of an uneven and uncoordinated process whereby parts (the Ajarquía) of the city first fell to the independent almogavars of the Sierra Morena to the north, which Ferdinand had not at the time subjugated.[1] Only in 1236 did Ferdinand arrive with a royal army to take Medina, the religious and administrative centre of the city.[1] Ferdinand set up a council of partidores to divide the conquests and between 1237 and 1244 a great deal of land was parcelled out to private individuals and members of the royal family as well as the Church. On 10 March 1241, Ferdinand established seven outposts to define the boundary of the provinceof Córdoba.

On the domestic front, he strengthened the University of Salamanca and founded the current Cathedral of Burgos. He was a patron of the newest movement in the Church: that of the friars. Whereas the Benedictines and then the Cistercians and Cluniacs had taken a major part in the Reconquista up til then, Ferdinand founded Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian houses inAndalusia, thus determining the religious future of that region. Ferdinand has also been credited with sustaining the convivencia in Andalusia.

The Primera Crónica General de España asserts that, on his death bed, Ferdinand commended his son "you are rich in lands and in many good vassals — more so than any other king in Christendom," probably in recognition of his expansive conquests.[4] He was buried within the Cathedral of Seville by his son Alfonso X. His tomb is inscribed with four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early incarnation of Castilian.[5] St Ferdinand was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire.

The symbol of his power as a king was his sword Lobera.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_III_of_Castile

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Saint Ferdinand III (August 5, 1199 – May 30, 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of Galicia and Leon from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and Galicia-León. He was canonized in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or San Fernando.

St Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents' marriage was annulled by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204, due to consanguinity.

Marriages and family

Statue of Ferdinand III by G.D. Olivieri (1753, Madrid).

In 1219, Ferdinand married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen (1203–1235), daughter of the German king Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. Elisabeth was called Beatriz in Spain. Their children were:

1. Alfonso X, his successor

2. Fadrique

3. Ferdinand (1225–1243/1248)

4. Eleanor (born 1227), died young

5. Berenguela (1228–1288/89), a nun at Las Huelgas

6. Henry

7. Philip (1231–1274). He was promised to the Church, but was so taken by the beauty of Princess Kristina of Norway, daughter of Haakon IV of Norway, who had been intended as a bride for one of his brothers, that he abandoned his holy vows and married her. She died in 1262, childless.

8. Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo and Seville (1233–1261)

9. Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena

10. Maria, died an infant in November 1235

After he was widowed, he married Jeanne of Dammartin, Countess of Ponthieu, before August 1237. They had four sons and one daughter:

1. Ferdinand (1239–1260), Count of Aumale

2. Eleanor (c.1241–1290), married Edward I of England

3. Louis (1243–1269)

4. Simon (1244), died young and buried in a monastery in Toledo

5. John (1245), died young and buried at the cathedral in Córdoba



References

* González, Julio. Reinado y Diplomas de Fernando III, i: Estudio. 1980.

* Menocal, María Rosa. The Ornament of the World. Little, Brown and Company: Boston, 2002. ISBN 0316168718

* Edwards, John. Christian Córdoba: The City and its Region in the Late Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press: 1982.

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Saint Ferdinand III (July 30 or August 5, 1199 – May 30, 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León. He was canonized in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or San Fernando.

St Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediately surrendered it to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha and Dulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treatyof Almizra (1244).

St Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors. Through diplomacy and war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Iberian Peninsula. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between the Knights, the Church, and the nobility, whom he endowed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.

The capture of Córdoba was theresult of an uneven and uncoordinated process whereby parts (the Ajarquía) of the city first fell to the independent almogavars of the Sierra Madre to the north, which Ferdinand had not at the time subjugated.[1] Only in 1236 did Ferdinand arrive with a royal army to take Medina, the religious and administrative centre of the city.[2] Ferdinand set up a council of partidores to divide the conquests and between 1237 and 1244 a great deal of land was parcelled out to private individuals and members of the royal family as well as the Church.[3] On 10 March 1241, Ferdinand established seven outposts to define the boundary of the province of Córdoba.

On the domestic front, he strengthened the University of Salamanca and founded the current Cathedral of Burgos. He was a patron of the newest movement in the Church: that of the friars. Whereas the Benedictines and then the Cistercians and Cluniacs had taken a major part in the Reconquista up til then, Ferdinand founded Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian houses in Andalusia, thus determining the religious future of that region. Ferdinand has also been credited with sustaining the convivencia in Andalusia.[4]

The Primera Crónica General de España asserts that, on his death bed, Ferdinand commended his son "you are rich in lands and in many good vassals — more so than any other king in Christendom," probably in recognition of his expansive conquests.[5] He was buried within the Cathedral of Seville by his son Alfonso X. His tomb is inscribed with four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early incarnation of Castilian.[6] St Ferdinand was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire.

In 1219, Ferdinand married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen (1203–1235), daughter of the German king Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. Elisabeth was called Beatriz in Spain. Their children were:

1. Alfonso X, his successor

2. Fadrique

3. Ferdinand (1225–1243/1248)

4. Eleanor (born 1227), died young

5. Berenguela (1228–1288/89), a nun at Las Huelgas

6. Henry

7. Philip (1231–1274). He was promised to the Church, but was so taken by the beauty of Princess Kristina of Norway, daughter of Haakon IV of Norway, who had been intended as a bride for one of his brothers, that he abandoned his holy vows and married her.She died in 1262, childless.

8. Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo and Seville (1233–1261)

9. Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena

10. Maria, died an infant in November 1235

After he widowed, he married Jeanne of Dammartin, Countess of Ponthieu, before August 1237. They had four sons and one daughter:

1. Ferdinand (1239–1269), Count of Aumale

2. Eleanor, married Edward I of England

3. Louis (1243–1269)

4. Simon (1244), died young and buried in a monastery in Toledo

5. John (1245), died young and buried at the cathedral in Córdoba

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This person and their pedigree are currently documented from "The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families together with Their Paternal Ancestry" Compiled by Joseph Foster, 1885

[Source: http://www.archive.org/details/royallineageofou02fost ]

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_III_of_Castile

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Ferdinand III (30 July or 5 August 1199 – 30 May 1252), called the Saint, was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León. He was canonised in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or San Fernando.

Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediatelysurrendered it to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha and Dulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244).

Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors. Through diplomacyand war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Spain. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between the military orders, the Church, and the nobility, whom he enfeoffed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.



United arms of Castile and León which Ferdinand first used.The capture of Córdoba was the result of an uneven and uncoordinated process whereby parts (the Ajarquía) of the city first fell to the independent almogavars of the Sierra Madre to the north, which Ferdinand had not at the time subjugated.[1] Only in 1236 did Ferdinand arrive with a royal army to take Medina, the religious and administrative centre of the city.[2] Ferdinand set up a council of partidores to divide the conquests and between 1237 and 1244 a great deal of land was parcelled out to private individuals and members of the royal family as well as the Church.[3] On 10 March 1241, Ferdinand established seven outposts to define the boundary of theprovince of Córdoba.

On the domestic front, he strengthened the University of Salamanca and founded the current Cathedral of Burgos. He was a patron of the newest movement in the church: that of friars. Whereas the Benedictines and then the Cistercians and Cluniacs had taken a major part in the Reconquista up til then, Ferdinand founded Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian houses in Andalusia, thus determining the religious future of that region. Ferdinand has also been credited with sustaining the convivencia in Andalusia.[4]

The Primera Crónica General de España asserts that, on his death bed, Ferdinand commended his son "you are rich in lands and in many good vassals — more so than any other king in Christendom," probably in recognition of his expansive conquests.[5] He was buried within the Great Mosque of Seville by his son Alfonso X. His tomb is inscribed with four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early incarnation of Castilian.[6] Ferdinand wascanonised by Pope Clement X in 1671. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire.



[edit] Marriages and family



Monument to Ferdinand III of Castile, patron saint of San Fernando de Apure, Venezuela.In 1219, Ferdinand married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen (1203–1235), daughter of the German king Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. Elisabeth was called Beatriz in Spain. Their children were:

Alfonso X, his successor

Fadrique

Ferdinand (1225–1243/1248)

Eleanor (born 1227), died young

Berenguela (1228–1288/89), a nun at Las Huelgas

Henry

Philip (1231–1274). He was promised to the Church, but was so taken by the beauty of Christine, daughter of Haakon IV of Norway, who had been intended as a bride for one of his brothers, that he abandoned his holy vows and married her. She died in 1262, childless.

Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo and Seville (1233–1261)

Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena

Maria, died an infant inNovember 1235

After he widowed, he married Jeanne of Dammartin, Countess of Ponthieu, before August 1237. They had four sons and one daughter:

Ferdinand (1239–1269), Count of Aumale

Eleanor, married Edward I of England

Louis (1243–1269)

Jimeno (1244), died young and buried in a monastery in Toledo

John (1245), died young and buried at the cathedral in Córdoba

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Saint Ferdinand III (July 30 or August 5, 1199 – May 30, 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León. He was canonized in 1671 and, in Spanish, heis Fernando el Santo or San Fernando.

St Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and shesucceeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediately surrendered it to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha and Dulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244).

St Ferdinandspent much of his reign fighting the Moors. Through diplomacy and war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Iberian Peninsula. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between the Knights, the Church, and the nobility, whom he endowed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.

The capture of Córdoba was the result of an uneven and uncoordinated process whereby parts (the Ajarquía) of the city first fell to the independent almogavars of the Sierra Madre to the north, which Ferdinand had not at the time subjugated. Only in 1236 did Ferdinand arrive with a royal army to take Medina, the religious and administrative centre of the city. Ferdinand set up a council of partidores to divide the conquests and between 1237 and 1244 a great deal of land was parcelled out to private individuals and members of the royal family as well as the Church.

On 10 March 1241, Ferdinand established seven outposts to define the boundary of the province of Córdoba.

On the domestic front, he strengthened the University of Salamanca and founded the current Cathedral of Burgos. He was a patron of the newest movement in the Church: that of the friars. Whereas the Benedictines and then the Cistercians and Cluniacs had taken a major part in the Reconquista up til then, Ferdinand founded Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian housesin Andalusia, thus determining the religious future of that region. Ferdinand has also been credited with sustaining the convivencia in Andalusia.

The Primera Crónica General de España asserts that, on his death bed, Ferdinand commended his son "you are rich in lands and in many good vassals — more so than any other king in Christendom," probably in recognition of his expansive conquests. He was buried within the Cathedral of Seville by his son Alfonso X. His tomb is inscribed with four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early incarnation of Castilian. St Ferdinand was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire.

Marriages and family

In 1219, Ferdinand married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen (1203–1235), daughter of the German king Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. Elisabeth was called Beatriz in Spain. Their children were:

1. Alfonso X, his successor

2. Fadrique

3. Ferdinand (1225–1243/1248)

4. Eleanor (born 1227), died young

5. Berenguela (1228–1288/89), a nun at Las Huelgas

6. Henry

7. Philip (1231–1274). He was promised to the Church, but was so taken by the beauty ofPrincess Kristina of Norway, daughter of Haakon IV of Norway, who had been intended as a bride for one of his fathers that he abandoned his holy vows and married her. She died in 1262, childless.

8. Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo and Seville (1233–1261)

9. Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena

10. Maria, died an infant in November 1235

After he widowed, he married Jeanne of Dammartin, Countessof Ponthieu, before August 1237. They had four sons and one daughter:

1. Ferdinand (1239–1269), Count of Aumale

2. Eleanor, married Edward I of England

3. Louis (1243–1269)

4. Simon (1244), died young and buried in a monastery in Toledo

5. John (1245), died young and buried at the cathedral in Córdoba

References

González, Julio. Reinado y Diplomas de Fernando III, i: Estudio. 1980.

Menocal, María Rosa. The Ornament of the World. Little, Brown and Company: Boston, 2002. ISBN 0316168718

Edwards, John. Christian Córdoba: The City and its Region in the LateMiddle Ages. Cambridge University Press: 1982.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_III_of_Castile

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King Fernando - In 1217 Ferdinand became King of Castile, which crown his mother renounced in his favour, and in 1230 he succeeded to the crown of Leon, though not without civil strife, since many were opposed to the union of the two kingdoms. He took as his counsellors the wisest men in the State, saw to the strict administration of justice, and took the greatest care not to overburden his subjects with taxation, fearing, as he said, the curse of one poor woman more than a whole army of Saracens.



The greatest joys of his life were the conquests of Cordova (1236) and Seville (1248). He turned the great mosques of these places into cathedrals, dedicating them to the Blessed Virgin. He watched over the conduct of his soldiers, confiding more in their virtue than in their valour, fasted strictly himself, wore a rough hairshirt, and often spent his nights in prayer, especially before battles.

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See link:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_III_of_Castile

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_III_of_Castile

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_III_of_Castile

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Fernando "the Saint" was crowned King of Castile in 1217 and King of Leon in 1230.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Ferdinand

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King of Castile

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Saint Ferdinand III (5 August 1199 – 30 May 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of Galicia and Leon from 1230. He was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and Galicia-León. He was canonized in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo, San Fernando or San Fernando Rey.

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Ferdinand III of Castile was the son of Alfonso IX, King of Leon, and Berengaria, daughter of Alfonso III, Kingof Castile (Spain). He was declared king of Castile at age eighteen. Ferdinand was born near Salamanca; proclaimed king of Palencia, Valladolid, and Burgos; his mother advised and assisted him duringhis young reign. He married Princess Beatrice, daughter of Philip of Suabia, King of Germany and they had seven sons and three daughters. His father (the king of Leon) turned against him and tried totake over his rule. The two reconciled later, and fought successfully against the Moors. In 1225, he held back Islamic invaders; prayed and fasted to prepare for the war; extremely devoted to the Blessed Virgin. Between 1234-36, Ferdinand conquered the city of Cordoba from the Moors. Queen Beatrice died in 1236, and he overtook Seville shortly thereafter. He founded the Cathedral of Burgos and the University of Salamanca; married Joan of Ponthieu after the death of Beatrice. He died on May 30th after a prolonged illness, and buried in the habit of his secular Franciscan Order. His remains arepreserved in the Cathedral of Seville and was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671. Ferdinand was a great administrator and a man of deep faith. He founded hospitals and bishoprics, monasteries, chuches, and cathedrals during his reign. Her also compiled and reformed a code of laws which were used until the modern era. Ferdinand rebuilt the Cathedral of Burgos and changed the mosque in Seville into a Cathedral. He was a just ruler, frequently pardoning former offenders to his throne. His feast day is May 30th.

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Ferdinand III (30 July or 5 August 1199 – 30 May 1252),called the Saint, was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather AlfonsoVIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León. He was canonised in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or San Fernando.

Ferdinand was the son ofAlfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204.Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediately surrendered it to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha andDulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244).

Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors. Through diplomacy and war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Spain. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between the military orders, the Church, and the nobility, whom he enfeoffed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and causedit to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.

The capture of Córdoba was the result of an uneven and uncoordinated process whereby parts (the Ajarquía) of the city first fell to the independent almogavars of the Sierra Madre to the north, which Ferdinand had not at the time subjugated.[1] Only in 1236 did Ferdinand arrive with a royal army to take Medina, the religious and administrative centre of the city.[2] Ferdinand set up a council of partidores to divide the conquests and between 1237 and 1244 a great deal of land was parcelled out to private individuals and members of the royal family as well as the Church.[3] On 10 March 1241, Ferdinand established seven outposts to define the boundary of the province of Córdoba.

On the domestic front, he strengthened the University of Salamanca and founded the current Cathedral of Burgos. He was a patron of the newest movement in the church: that of friars. Whereas the Benedictines and then the Cistercians and Cluniacs had taken a major part in the Reconquista up til then, Ferdinand founded Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian houses in Andalusia, thus determining the religious future of that region. Ferdinand has also been credited with sustaining the convivencia in Andalusia.[4]

The Primera Crónica General de España asserts that, on his death bed, Ferdinand commended his son "you are rich in lands and in many good vassals — more so than any other king in Christendom," probably in recognition of his expansive conquests.[5] He was buried within the Great Mosque of Seville by his son AlfonsoX. His tomb is inscribed with four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early incarnation of Castilian.[6] Ferdinand was canonised by Pope Clement X in 1671. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire.

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Saint Ferdinand III (July 30 or August 5, 1199 – May 30, 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Throughhis second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León.He was canonized in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or San Fernando.

St Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediately surrendered it to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha and Dulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244).

St Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors. Through diplomacy and war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Iberian Peninsula. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between the Knights, the Church, and the nobility, whom he endowed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.



United arms of Castile and León which Ferdinand first used.The capture of Córdoba was the result of an uneven and uncoordinated process whereby parts (the Ajarquía) of the city first fell to the independent almogavars of the Sierra Morena to the north, which Ferdinand had not at the time subjugated.[1] Only in 1236 did Ferdinand arrive with a royal army to take Medina, the religious and administrative centre of the city.[1] Ferdinand set up a council of partidores to divide the conquests and between 1237 and 1244 a great deal of land was parcelled out to private individuals and members of the royal family as well as the Church.[2] On 10 March 1241, Ferdinand established seven outposts to define the boundary of the province of Córdoba.

On the domestic front, he strengthened the University of Salamanca and founded the current Cathedral of Burgos. He was a patron of the newest movement in the Church: that of the friars. Whereas the Benedictines and then the Cistercians and Cluniacs had taken a major part in the Reconquista up til then, Ferdinand founded Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian houses in Andalusia, thus determining the religious future of that region. Ferdinand has also been credited with sustaining the convivencia in Andalusia.[3]

The Primera Crónica General de España asserts that, on his death bed, Ferdinand commended his son "you are rich in lands and in many good vassals — more so than any other king in Christendom," probably in recognition of his expansive conquests.[4] He was buried within the Cathedral of Seville by his son Alfonso X. His tomb is inscribed with four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early incarnation of Castilian.[5] St Ferdinand was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire.

The symbol of his power as a king was his sword Lobera.

Contents [hide]

1 Marriages and family

2 Notes

3 References

4 External links





[edit] Marriages and family



Statue of Ferdinand III by G.D. Olivieri (1753, Madrid).In 1219, Ferdinand married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen (1203–1235), daughter of the German king Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. Elisabeth was called Beatriz in Spain. Their children were:

Alfonso X, his successor

Fadrique

Ferdinand (1225–1243/1248)

Eleanor (born 1227), died young

Berenguela (1228–1288/89), a nun at Las Huelgas

Henry

Philip (1231–1274). He was promised to the Church, but was so taken by the beauty of Princess Kristina of Norway, daughter of Haakon IV of Norway, who had been intended as a bride for one of his brothers, that he abandoned his holy vows and married her. She died in 1262, childless.

Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo and Seville (1233–1261)

Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena

Maria, died an infant in November 1235



After he widowed, he married Jeanne of Dammartin, Countess of Ponthieu, before August 1237. They had four sons and one daughter:

Ferdinand (1239–1269), Count of Aumale

Eleanor (c.1241–1290), married Edward I of England

Louis (1243–1269)

Simon (1244), died young and buried in a monastery in Toledo

John (1245), died young and buried at the cathedral in Córdoba

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Ferdinand III of Castile

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ferdinand III (30 July or 5 August 1199 – 30 May 1252), called the Saint, was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León. He was canonised in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or San Fernando.

Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediately surrendered it to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha and Dulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244).

Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors. Through diplomacy and war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Iberian Peninsula. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand dividedthe conquered territories between the military orders, the Church, and the nobility, whom he endowed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.

The capture of Córdoba was the result of an uneven and uncoordinated process whereby parts (the Ajarquía) of the city first fell to the independent almogavars of the Sierra Madre to the north, which Ferdinand had not at the time subjugated.[1] Only in 1236 did Ferdinand arrive with a royal army to takeMedina, the religious and administrative centre of the city.[2] Ferdinand set up a council of partidores to divide the conquests and between 1237 and 1244 a great deal of land was parcelled out to private individuals and members of the royal family as well as the Church.[3] On 10 March 1241, Ferdinand established seven outposts to define the boundary of the province of Córdoba.

On the domestic front, he strengthened the University of Salamanca and founded the current Cathedral of Burgos. He was a patron of the newest movement in the church: that of friars. Whereas the Benedictines and then the Cistercians and Cluniacs had taken a major part in the Reconquista up til then, Ferdinand founded Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian houses in Andalusia, thus determining the religious future of that region. Ferdinand has also been credited with sustaining the convivencia in Andalusia.[4]

The Primera Crónica General de España asserts that, on his death bed, Ferdinand commended his son "you are rich in lands and in many good vassals — more so than any other king in Christendom," probably in recognition of his expansive conquests.[5] He was buried within the Great Mosque of Seville by his son Alfonso X. His tomb is inscribed with four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early incarnation of Castilian.[6] Ferdinand was canonised by Pope Clement X in 1671. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire.

Marriages and family

In 1219, Ferdinand married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen (1203–1235), daughter of the German king Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. Elisabeth was called Beatriz in Spain. Their children were:

Alfonso X, his successor

Fadrique

Ferdinand (1225–1243/1248)

Eleanor (born 1227), died young

Berenguela (1228–1288/89), a nun at Las Huelgas

Henry

Philip (1231–1274). He was promised to the Church, but was so taken by the beauty of Princess Kristina of Norway, daughter of Haakon IV of Norway, who had been intended as a bride for one of his brothers, that he abandoned his holy vows and married her. She died in 1262, childless.

Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo and Seville (1233–1261)

Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena

Maria, died an infant in November 1235

After he widowed, he married Jeanne of Dammartin, Countess of Ponthieu, before August 1237. They had four sons and one daughter:

Ferdinand (1239–1269), Count of Aumale

Eleanor, married Edward I of England

Louis (1243–1269)

Simon (1244), died young and buried in a monastery in Toledo

John (1245), died young and buried at the cathedral in Córdoba

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Saint Ferdinand III (July 30 or August 5, 1199 – May 30, 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León. He was canonized in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or San Fernando.

St Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediately surrendered it to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. WhenAlfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha and Dulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdomof Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244).

St Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors, acconpanied by his knights. Through diplomacy and war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Iberian Peninsula. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between the Knights, the Church, and the nobility, whom he endowed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.

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Fernando III el Santo (Monasterio de Valparaíso -Peleas de Arriba-, Zamora, 1198/99 - Sevilla, 1252). Rey de Castilla (1217 - 1252) y de León (1230- 1252). Es también conocido como Santo Rey Don Fernando. Fue hijo de Alfonso IX de León y de Berenguela de Castilla.

Tras la temprana muerte de Enrique I y la abdicación de su madre, obtiene en 1217 el reino de Castilla. Tuvo que enfrentarse a la casa de los Lara por una revuelta nobiliaria. Tras casarse con Beatriz de Suabia (1219), se dedicó preferentemente a dirigir las campañas conquistadoras, combinando hábilmente las acciones diplomáticas con beneficiosas intervenciones bélicas que se valían de las discordias existentes en los distintos reinos musulmanes.

A la muerte de su padre Alfonso IX en 1230, tuvo que luchar por el trono de León, ya que éste legó su reino a Sancha y Dulce, hijas de su primer matrimonio con Teresa de Portugal. Gracias a la persuasión y algún pago heredó el reino de León, pasando a ser Rey de Castilla y León, y anexionándose el reino taifa de Murcia (1243). Por otra parte, estableció las fronteras con Aragón en el Tratado de Almizra (1244) y repartió las nuevas tierras conquistadas entre las órdenes militares, la Iglesia y los nobles, lo que dio lugar a la formación de grandes latifundios.

Fundó las catedrales góticas de Burgos y León.

Asimismo, reconquistó todo el territorio de la actual comunidad autónoma de Andalucía, exceptuando el Reino de Granada, siendo importantes las tomas de ciudades como Baeza (1227), Úbeda (1233), Córdoba (1236), Jaén (1245) y Sevilla (1248).

El Papa Clemente X lo canoniza en 1671 siendo el primer rey español que es elevado a la santidad. Su hijo Alfonso le sucedió en el trono como Alfonso X, apodado el Sabio.

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From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps03/ps03_433.htm

Also called SAINT FERDINAND, Spanish SAN FERNANDO, king of Castilefrom 1217 to 1252 and of Leon from 1230 to 1252 and conqueror of the Muslim cities of Córdoba (1236), Jaén (1246), and Seville (1248). During his campaigns, Murcia submitted to his son Alfonso (later Alfonso X), and the Muslim kingdom of Granada became his vassal.

Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of Leon and Berenguela, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile. When born, he was the heir to Leon, but his uncle, Henry I of Castile, died young, and his mother inherited the crown of Castile, which she conferred on him. His father, like many Leonese, opposed the union, and Ferdinand found himself at war with him. By his will Alfonso IX tried to disinherit his son, but the will was set aside, and Castile and Leon were permanently united in 1230.

Ferdinand married Beatrice of Swabia, daughter of the Holy Roman emperor, a title that Ferdinand's son Alfonso X was to claim. His conquest of Lower Andalusia was the result of the disintegration of the Almohad state. The Castilians and other conquerors occupied the cities, driving out the Muslims and taking over vast estates.

Ferdinand's second wife was Joan of Ponthieu, whom he married in 1237; their daughter Eleanor married the future Edward I of England in 1254. Ferdinand settled in Seville, where he is buried.



Ferdinand was canonized Feb 4, 1671 for his orthodoxy and his crusading against the Moors. He m. (1) Beatrice, dau. of Emperor Philip (of Hohenstaufen). He united Castile & Leon in 1231 on death of his father. Persecuted the Albigenses. His son reigned as Alfonso X "the Wise", King of Castile & Leon (1252-84). Ferdinand had Archbishop Ximenes as Chancellor and founded the University of Salamanca (1243). He rebuilt the cathedral of Burgos and converted the mosque in Seville to a church. His feast is May30.

King of Castile, León, Toledo, Extremadura, Galicia, Seville, Jaén & Cordoba. Lord of Biscay. He united deffinitively the

kingdoms of Castile and León, and conquered the lands of westernAndalusia (cities of Jaen, Cordoba and Seville).

References: [AR7],[PlantagenetA],[Moncreiffe]

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Saint

Venerated in Roman Catholic Church

Canonized 1671, Rome by Pope Clement X

Major shrine Cathedral of Sevilla;

Feast May 30

Patronage University of Salamanca; Lucena City;Lucena Cathedral; Cathedral of Burgos; Lucena Cathedral; Cathedral of Sevilla; of friars (Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian); City of San Fernando, Pampanga; Metropolitan Cathedral of San Fernando

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_III_of_Castile

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Fernando III "el Santo", rey de Castilla y León nació el 19-VIII-1201, en el monasterio de Santa María de Bellofonte, llamado luego de Valparaiso, en el término municipal de Peleas de Arriba, provincia de Zamora. Fue rey de Castilla de 1217 a 1252, y rey de León de 1229 a 1252. Casó en primeras nupcias con Beatriz de Suabia (hija de Felipe de Suabia y nieta del emperador Federico Barbarroja, de la Casa de Suabia-Hohensatufen). De este matrimonio tuvo diez hijos: Alfonso X (rey de Castilla de 1252 a 1284, que caso con Violante de Aragón, y tuvo por hijo y sucesor a Sancho IV), Fadrique, Fernando, Enrique, Felipe, Sancho, Manuel (ver Casas de Manuel y Múgica), Leonor, Berenguela y María. Casó en segundas nupcias con Juana de Ponthieu Montreueil. De este segundo matrimonio tuvo por hijos a Fernando, Leonor y Luis. Murió en Sevilla, el 30-V-1252, y está sepultado en la Catedral de Sevilla.

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Saint Ferdinand III (July 30 or August 5, 1199 – May 30, 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León. He was canonized in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or SanFernando.

St Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediately surrendered it to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha and Dulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244).

St Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors, acconpanied by his knights. Through diplomacy and war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Iberian Peninsula. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between the Knights, the Church, and the nobility, whom he endowed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.

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Christened Aug. 19, 1201. Also, of Lbeon, Lbeon, Spain. Sainthood in 1671.

Sources: many ~ see Ancestors/Descendants

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Saint Ferdinand III, Fernando el Santo, San Fernando, San Fernando Rey. Ferdinand III founded the Cathedral of Burgos, Dominican, Franciscan, Frintarian and Mercedarian houses in Andalusia, he was credited with substaining the Convivencia in Andulsia. He was Camonized by Pope Clement X in 1671.His tomb is inscribed with four (4) languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latian and early incornation of Castilian.

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In 1217 his uncle Henry, King of Castile, died. His mother inherited the throne and ceded it to Ferdinand. In 1230, his father died, and he became King of Leon as well .

Fought Moors, expanding power in southern Spain.

Founded Cathedral of Burgos and several monestaries.

First wife, Elisabeth of Hohenstaugen, died in 1235

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Saint Ferdinand III (5 August 1199 – 30 May 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of Galicia and Leon from 1230. He was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfatherAlfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and Galicia-León. He was canonized in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo, San Fernando or San Fernando Rey.

Contents [hide]

1 Early life

2 Reign

3 First marriage

4 Second marriage

5 Notes

6 References

7 External links



[edit] Early life

Ferdinand was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198-99.

His parents' marriage was annulled by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204, due to consanguinity. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but immediately surrendered it to her son, Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight Alfonso's heirs, Sancha and Dulce, daughters of his first wife, for it. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms following the death of Alfonso VII in 1157.

[edit] Reign

Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244).

St Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors. Through diplomacy and war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Iberian Peninsula. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, andoccupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage as a tributory state to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between theKnights, the Church, and the nobility, whom he endowed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian.



United arms of Castile and León which Ferdinand first used.The capture of Córdoba was the result of a well planned and executed process whereby parts (the Ajarquía) of the city first fell to the independent almogavars of the Sierra Morena to the north, which Ferdinand had not at the time subjugated.[1] Only in 1236 did Ferdinand arrive with a royal army to take Medina, the religious and administrative centre of the city.[1] Ferdinand set up a council of partidores to divide the conquests and between 1237 and 1244 a great deal of land wasparcelled out to private individuals and members of the royal family as well as the Church.[2] On 10 March 1241, Ferdinand established seven outposts to define the boundary of the province of Córdoba.

On the domestic front, he strengthened the University of Salamanca and founded the current Cathedral of Burgos. He was a patron of the newest movement in the Church: that of the friars. Whereas the Benedictines and then the Cistercians and Cluniacs had taken a major part in the Reconquista up til then, Ferdinand founded Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian houses in Andalusia,thus determining the religious future of that region. Ferdinand has also been credited with sustaining the convivencia in Andalusia.[3]

The Primera Crónica General de España asserts that, on hisdeath bed, Ferdinand commended his son "you are rich in lands and in many good vassals — more so than any other king in Christendom," probably in recognition of his expansive conquests.[4] He was buried within the Cathedral of Seville by his son Alfonso X. His tomb is inscribed with four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early incarnation of Castilian.[5] St Ferdinand was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire.

The symbol of his power as a king was his sword Lobera.

[edit] First marriage



Statue of Ferdinand III by G.D. Olivieri (1753, Madrid)In 1219, Ferdinand married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen (1203–1235), daughter of the German king Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. Elisabeth was called Beatriz in Spain. Their children were:

Alfonso X, his successor

Fadrique

Ferdinand (1225–1243/1248)

Eleanor (born 1227), died young

Berenguela (1228–1288/89), a nun at Las Huelgas

Henry

Philip (1231–1274). He was promised to the Church, but was so taken by the beauty of Princess Kristina of Norway, daughter of Haakon IV of Norway, who had been intended as a bride for one of his brothers, that he abandoned his holy vows and married her. She died in 1262, childless.

Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo and Seville (1233–1261)

Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena

Maria, died an infant in November 1235

[edit] Second marriage

After he was widowed, he married Joan, Countess of Ponthieu, before August 1237. They had four sons and one daughter:

Ferdinand (1239–1260), Count of Aumale

Eleanor (c.1241–1290), married Edward I of England

Louis (1243–1269)

Simon (1244), died young and buried in a monastery in Toledo

John (1245), died young and buried at the cathedral in Córdoba

[edit] Notes

^ a b Edwards, 6.

^ Edwards, 7.

^ Edwards, 182.

^ Edwards, 1.

^ Menocal, 47.

[edit] References

González, Julio. Reinado y Diplomas de Fernando III, i: Estudio. 1980.

Menocal, María Rosa. The Ornament of the World. Little, Brown and Company: Boston, 2002. ISBN 0316168718

Edwards, John. Christian Córdoba: The City and its Region in the Late Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press: 1982.


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BIOGRAPHY: He conquered Cordoba & Seville from the Moors. He and Edward I 'Longshanks'

Plantagenet, King of England



History: Ferdinand III (of Castile and León), called The Saint (1199-1252), king of Castile (1217-52) and of León (1230-52); was the son of King Alfonso IX of León and Castile. In 1217 Ferdinand's mother, Berengaria, renounced her title to the Castilian throne in favor of her son. Alfonso, who had himself expected to acquire Castile, was angered at his wife's action, and, aided by a group of Castilian nobles favorable to his claim, made war upon his newly crowned son. Ferdinand, however, with the wise counsel of his mother, proved more than a military match for Alfonso, who at length was forced to abandon his plan of conquering Castile. Through the good offices of Berengaria, Ferdinand was able to effect the peaceful union of León and Castile upon the death of his father in 1230. Ferdinand devoted his energies to prosecuting the war against the Moors, conquering Córdoba in 1236 and Seville in 1248. He was rigorous in his suppression of the heretical Albigenses, a fact largely responsible for his canonization more than two centuries later. In 1242 Ferdinand reestablished at Salamanca, the university originally founded by his grandfather.



Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2002. © 1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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Durante su reinado se unificaron definitivamente las coronas de Castillay León, que habían permanecido divididas desde la época de Alfonso VII el Emperador, quien a su muerte las repartió entre sus hijos, los infantes Fernando y Sancho.

Durante su reinado fueron conquistadas y arrebatadas a los musulmanes, en el marco de la Reconquista, entre otras plazas, las ciudades de Córdoba, Sevilla, Jaén

 Sources

  • Individual: Geni World Family Tree

  Photos and archival records

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