M Robert de GLOUCESTER de Caen

Sosa :19,759,322
Robert Fitzroy (Robert de NORMANDIE)
(Robertde GLOUCESTER)
Earl of Gloucester (1122) , comte de Gloucester (1122) et de Bristol, baron de Creuilly et de Torigni

  • Born about 1090 - Caen (14)
  • Deceased 31 October 1147 - Bristol,aged about 57 years old

 Parents

 Spouses and children

 Siblings

 Half-siblings

On the side of Henry I Beauclerc de NORMANDIE, roi d'Angleterre (1100-1135), duc de Normandie (1106-1135) 1068-1135On the side of Sybille CORBET ca 1070-

 Notes

Individual Note

Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (~1090 - October 31, 1147) was an illegitimate son of Henry I of England, and one of the dominant figures of the English Anarchy period.

Robert was probably the eldest of Henry's many illegitimate children. He was born at Caen in Normandy before his father's accession to the English throne. His mother is not known for certain, though recent scholarship suggests she was a member of the Gay family, minor nobility in Oxfordshire. William of Malmesbury refers to Robert's "Norman, Flemish, and French" ancestry, but this may be a reference only to his father's side of the family. Robert was acknowledged at birth, and raised at his father's court. He had a reputation of being an educated man, not alltogether surprising considering his father's scholarly inclinations. He was a patron of William of Malmesbury and Geoffrey of Monmouth.

He married in 1107 to Mabel of Gloucester, daughter of Robert Fitzhamon, thereby receiving lordship of Gloucester and Glamorgan. She died in 1157. Their children were:

William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, died 1183Roger Fitz Robert, Bishop of Worcester, died 1179Hamon Fitz Robert, slain at the seige of Toulouse in 1159Philip Fitz Robert, Castellan of Cricklade, died after 1147Richard Fitz Robert, lord of Creully, died 1175Maud of Gloucester, died 1189, wife of Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of ChesterIn 1119, Robert fought at the Battle of Bremule; he was already one of King Henry's foremost military captains. In 1122, he was created Earl of Gloucester.

At his father's death, in the struggle between the Empress Maud and Stephen for the English throne, he at first declared for Stephen, but subsequently left Stephen's service and was loyal to Maud, his half-sister, until his death. According to the Gesta Stephani:

"Among others came Robert, Earl of Gloucester, son of King Henry, but a bastard, a man of proved talent and admirable wisdom. When he was advised, as the story went, to claim the throne on his father's death, deterred by sounder advice he by no means assented, saying it was fairer to yield it to his sister's son (the future Henry II of England), than presumptuously to arrogate it to himself."At the Battle of Lincoln, he captured Stephen, whom he imprisoned in the custody of his wife, Mabel. This advantage was lost, however, when Robert fell into the hands of Stephen's partisans at Winchester, covering Maud's escape from a failed siege. Robert was so important to Maud's cause that she released Stephen to regain Robert's services. In 1142 she sent Robert to convince her husband Geoffrey of Anjou to join her cause. Geoffrey refused to go to England until he conquerored Normandy, so Robert stayed in France to help him until he learned of Maud being beseiged at Oxford. He hastened back to England, along with Maud's young son Henry. In 1144 one of Robert's own sons, Philip, declared for Stephen and so Robert found himself and his son on opposite sides.

Robert fought tirelessly on Maud's behalf until his death in 1147 from a fever at Bristol. One of his illegitimate sons was Richard, Bishop of Bayeux (died 1142).

 Sources

  Photos and archival records

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Robert Ier le Diable de NORMANDIE, duc de Normandie (1027-1035) 1010-1035 Arlette de FALAISE ca 1003- Baudouin V le Pieux de FLANDRE, "Baudouin de Lille" ca 995-1067 Adélaïde CAPET, comtesse de Corbie 1009-1079 Hugh le Corbeau CORBET ca 1020-1081/ Isabel De PACE 1024-ca 1085  
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William I the Conqueror de NORMANDIE, duc de Normandie (3 juillet 1035-1087), roi d'Angleterre (14 octobre (couronné le 25 décembre) 1066-1087) 1027/1028-1087 Mathilde de FLANDRE ca 1032-1083 Robert CORBET ca 1050- Ne ALCESTER
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Henry I Beauclerc de NORMANDIE, roi d'Angleterre (1100-1135), duc de Normandie (1106-1135) 1068-1135 Sybille CORBET ca 1070-
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Robert de Caen de GLOUCESTER, Earl of Gloucester (1122) ca 1090-1147