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infanta de Castilla , reina de León y Castilla , Reina consorte de Portugal

  • Born in 1316 - Castillo de Garcimuñoz, Cuenca, Castille La Mancha, España
  • Deceased 13 November 1345 - Santarem, Portugal,aged 29 years old
  • Buried - Convento de São Francisco, Santarem, Santarém, Portugal

 Parents

  • Juan Manuel, born 5 May 1282 - Castillo de Escalona, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, España, deceased 13 June 1348 - Burg Pe�afiel aged 66 years old , buried - Monasterio de San Pablo, Peñafiel, Valladolid, España,
    Señor de Villena. Príncipe de Villena, Señor de Escalona, Señor de Peñafiel, Mayordomo mayor del rey

    Married to
  • ? ?, deceased

 Half-siblings

On the side of Juan Manuel, born 5 May 1282 - Castillo de Escalona, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, España, deceased 13 June 1348 - Burg Pe�afiel aged 66 years old , buried - Monasterio de San Pablo, Peñafiel, Valladolid, España,
Señor de Villena. Príncipe de Villena, Señor de Escalona, Señor de Peñafiel, Mayordomo mayor del rey

 Paternal grand-parents, uncles and aunts

(display)

 Events


 Notes

Individual Note

Constanza Manuel de Villena y Barcelona

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre: [http://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constan%C3%A7a_Manuel CA], [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constan%C3%A7a_Manuel DE], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_of_Pe%C3%B1afiel EN], [http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constanza_Manuel_de_Villena_y_Barcelona ES], [http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_de_Castille_%281323-1345%29 FR], [http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Costanza_Manuel IT], [http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%82%B3%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B9%E3%82%BF%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B5%E3%83%BB%E3%83%9E%E3%83%8C%E3%82%A8%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%87%E3%83%BB%E3%82%AB%E3%82%B9%E3%83%86%E3%82%A3%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AA%E3%83%A3 JA], [http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_Manuel_van_Castili%C3%AB NL], [http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konstancja_Manuel PL], [http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constan%C3%A7a_Manuel PT], [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%B0_%D0%9C%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%83%D1%8D%D0%BB%D1%8C RU]

Constanza Manuel de Villena (Castillo de Garcimuñoz 1316- Santarém 13-11-1345). Fue reina consorte de Castilla y de Portugal.

Hija del infante don Juan Manuel y de la infanta Constanza de Aragón, que a su vez fue hija del rey de Aragón Jaime II.

Con tan sólo nueve años, su padre la desposó con el rey Alfonso XI de Castilla que a la sazón contaba catorce años y acababa de alcanzar la mayoría de edad.

El matrimonio de Constanza y Alfonso fue ratificado por las cortes de Valladolid (28-11-1325), pero dada la minoría de edad de Constanza el matrimonio no llegó a consumarse, aunque Constanza pasó a titularse reina de Castilla.

En 1327 fue repudiada, al estar interesado Alfonso XI en el matrimonio con la infanta María, hija del rey de Portugal, Alfonso IV a fin de estrechar lazos con este reino. Posteriormente quedó recluida en el castillo de Toro bajo el cuidado de su aya Teresa.

Don Juan Manuel reclamó su hija al rey Alfonso XI y éste se negó a entregársela, por lo que Don Juan Manuel le declaró la guerra a Alfonso XI en sucesivas ocasiones hasta que éste se la devolvió en 1328 después de firmar la paz.

Don Juan Manuel la promete en 1331 al heredero de Portugal, el infante Pedro. Dado que Constanza está cercada en Castillo de Garcimuñoz, Pedro se casa con ella por poderes en el Castillo de Garcimuñoz (28-3-1336). Posteriormente, una vez que obtiene el permiso del rey Alfonso para viajar a Portugal, se casa en Lisboa el 24 de agosto de 1339.

En su séquito iba la noble gallega Inés de Castro de la que se enamoraría don Pedro y con la que se casaría en secreto a la muerte de Constanza.

Constanza tuvo tres hijos con el infante Pedro: Luís, que nació en 1340 y que solo viviría 8 días; María, (1342-1367) que se casaría con el infanteFernando de Aragón, marqués de Tortosa e hijo del rey Alfonso IV de Aragón; y Fernando (1345-1383), que sería el futuro rey Fernando I de Portugal.

Pocos días después del nacimiento de este sutercer hijo, el 13 de noviembre de 1345, Constanza murió de pauperio en Santarem.

Constanza Manuel e Inés de Castro son las protagonistas femeninas de la obra teatral de Alejandro Casona Corona deamor y muerte que fue estrenada en el teatro Odeón de Buenos Aires en 1955. Inés de Castro también es la protagonista de la obra Reinar después de morir.

Bibliografía

PRETEL MARÍN, Aurelio. Don Juan Manuel, señor de la llanura. Albacete, 1982.

PRETEL MARÍN, Aurelio. El señorío de Villena en el siglo XIV. Albacete, 1998. ISBN 84-87136-86-9

SALAS PARRILLA, Miguel. Alarcón, Belmonte yGarcimuñoz. Tres castillos del señorío de Villena en la provincia de Cuenca. Madrid, 1997. ISBN 84-607-2598-7

--------------------

Constance of Penafiel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Constance of Peñafiel or Constance Manuel of Castile (b. 1315-1323, d. November 13, 1345) was the daughter of Juan Manuel, Duke of Peñafiel (1282-1348), called "el escritor" (the writer), Duke of Peñafiel, and his second wife Constance of Aragon. She was Queen consort of Portugal.

While still a child she became the first wife of future King Alfonso XI of Castile (1311-50), also a child at the time, in Valladolid. The marriage was annulled in 1327.

She became the second wife of King Pedro I of Portugal (1320-67) on August 24, 1339 in Lisbon. They had three children:

Louis (February 27, 1340 - March 6 1340).

Mary (April 6, 1343 - app. 1367), Married to Ferdinand, Prince of Aragon.

Ferdinand I of Portugal (October 31, 1345 - October 29, 1383), 9th King of Portugal.

She died and is buried in Santarém, Portugal in 1349.

--------------------

D. Constança Manuel



Infanta de Castela, filha de D. Constança de Aragão e do duque da localidade castelhana de Penafiel, D. João Manuel, D. Constança Manuel terá nascido em 1320 e falecido em 1345. Foi casada com o infante D. Pedro - que seria o futuro rei D. Pedro I, o Cruel(também cognominado o Justiceiro, o Bravo ou o Vingativo). Por alturas do seu casamento, D. Afonso IV, pai de D. Pedro, doou-lhe Viseu, Alenquer e Montemor-o-Novo.

D. Pedro (que somente seria rei em 1357) casou-se com D. Constança por procuração a 28 de Fevereiro de 1336, em Évora. No entanto D. Constança só chegou a Portugal a 7 de Julho de 1340, pois Afonso XI de Castela, a quem estava prometida, reteve-a prisioneira na povoação castelhana de Toro. Este facto originou uma guerra que terminou com a vitória de Portugal e a vinda de D. Constança.

Como dama de companhia trouxe Inês de Castro, uma fidalga galega, pela qual D. Pedro se apaixonou e da qual acabaria por ter quatro filhos. D. Constança apercebeu-se da atracção do marido pela dama galega e para impedir que alguma ligação surgisse entre eles pediu a Inês de Castro para ser madrinha de D. Luís, seu segundo filho. Assim, além da condenação do adultério pelo Direito Canónico, havia também o impedimento da ligação carnal entre compadres, unidos por laços desangue. No entanto, a morte de D. Luís, uma semana depois, deitaria por terra estes planos.

D. Pedro e D. Constança tiveram três filhos: D. Maria, nascida a 6 de Abril de 1342 em Évora, que se casou em 1354 com D. Fernando de Aragão e morreu depois de 1363 em Aveiro, sendo sepultada no Mosteiro de Santa Clara em Coimbra; D. Luís, afilhado de Inês de Castro e que morreu uma semana depois de ter nascido, em 1344; e D. Fernando (futuro rei D. Fernando I), nascido em Coimbra a 1 de Outubro de 1345 e falecido em 1383.

D. Constança morreu em 1345 (alguns advogam a data de 1349), pouco tempo após o nascimento do seu último filho. O seu túmulo encontra-se no Museu do Carmo, em Lisboa.
--------------------
Constanza Manuel of Villena (1315/1323 – 13 November 1345) was the daughter of Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena (1282–1348), called "el escritor" (the writer), Duke of Peñafiel, and his second wife Constance of Aragon, a daughter of James II of Aragon.

While still a child she became the first wife of future King Alfonso XI of Castile (1311–50), also a child at the time, in Valladolid. The marriage was annulled in 1327.

Early life and first marriage

Constance was a Castilian noblewoman, whose exact date of birth is unknown, occurring sometime between 1315 and 1323. Constance was a paternal great-granddaughter of King Ferdinand I of Castile. Her maternal grandparents were James II of Aragon and his second wife Blanche of Anjou.

In Valladolid on 28 November 1325, the young Constance married Alfonso XI of Castile, they were married for only two years when Alfonso had the marriage dissolved and remarried to Maria of Portugal, who gave him a son, Peter of Castile.[1]

Constance was imprisoned in a castle in Toro while her father waged war against Alfonso XI until 1329. Eventually, the two reached a peaceful accord after mediation by Juan del Campo, Bishop of Oviedo; this secured Constance's release from prison.
Second marriage

Afonso IV quickly learned that his daughter Maria was being mistreated by her husband King Alfonso (Constance's ex-husband). Constance's father had been rebuffed by the king when she was rejected in favor of the Portuguese infanta. Feeling as though his daughter was being dishonored, Afonso was glad to enter into an alliance with Juan Manuel and married his son and heir, Peter, to Constance. They married on 24 August 1339 inLisbon.

When Constance arrived in Portugal, Inês de Castro, the daughter of an aristocratic Castilian land-owner, accompanied her as her lady-in-waiting. Peter fell in love with Inês very quickly,and the two conducted an affair that lasted until Constance's death in 1345. The scandal of this affair caused Afonso to banish Inês from court, but this did not end the relationship, and the two began living together in secret.

Constance died on the 13 November 1345, weeks after giving birth to her son and future King of Portugal, Fernando. She was buried four years later in Santarém, Portugal. Her husband presumably married Inês after Constance's death; however, Inês was later murdered on the orders of King Afonso. Peter became King twelve years after Constance's death in 1357.

They had three children:
Children

Maria (1342 – aft. 1375), married to Infante Ferdinand of Aragon, son of Alfonso IV of Aragon.
Louis (1344).
Ferdinand I of Portugal (31 October 1345 – 29 October 1383), 9th King of Portugal.

Ancestry
[show]Ancestors of Constanza Manuel
References

Castile and Leon, Medieval Lands

Bibliography

Pretel Marín; Rodríguez Llopis, Miguel (1989). El señorío de Villena en el siglo XIV (PDF) (in Spanish). Albacete: Instituto de Estudios Albacetenses «Don Juan Manuel», Excma. Diputación de Albacete. ISBN 84-600-2900-X.
Rodrigues Oliveira, Ana (2010). Rainhas medievais de Portugal. Dezassete mulheres, duas dinastias, quatro séculos de História (in Portuguese). Lisbon: A esfera dos livros. ISBN 978-989-626-261-7.
Married name : de Barcelona

 Sources

  Photos and archival records

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 Family Tree Preview

                         _____|4_Manuel de Borgoña, Infante de Castilla y León 1234-1283
                        /
|2_Juan Manuel 1282-1348
|                      \
|                       ¯¯¯¯¯|5_Béatriz de Saboya 1250-1292
|--1_Constanza de Manuel de Villena, infanta de Castilla 1316-1345
|3_? ?