• Born (26_FEB_1589/90) - Folkestone, Kent, England
  • Deceased 27 May 1661 - Chigwell, Essex, England


 Spouses and children



On the side of Thomas Harvey 1549-


Individual Note

The Harveys of Chickwell, or Chigwell, in Essex, descended from Sir Eliab Harvey (b. 1589; d. 27 May 1661), a younger brother of Doctor William and Daniel. The last male heir of this line was Admiral Sir Eliab Harvey, G. C. B., of Rolls Park, Chigwell, who died in 1830.
The Harvey family first came to live at Rolls Park in about 1655, but a house had existed on the site before this, and was part of the manor of Barringtons. By 1700 the Harveys had become well established in Chigwell and had acquired the Lordship of the manor of Barringtons. The first Harvey to live at Rolls park was Eliab Harvey (1589-1661), who was the brother of William Harvey MD, the discoverer of the circulation of the blood. The Harveys owned considerable areas of land throughout Essex, particularly around Hempstead in the north of the county. Their wealth appears to have come from business activities in the City of London where they were merchants trading mainly with Turkey and the Levant.
The eldest son of Eliab, also called Eliab, was not only a successful merchant but also a prominent Member of Parliament for Essex. He was the first of eight Harveys to be appointed a governor of Chigwell School, and served the community as a JP, a Deputy Lieutenant for Essex, and Lieutenant of Waltham Forest. He was made a knight in 1660. When he died in 1699 he was 'much lamented, being a gentleman of an extraordinary good character'.
Rolls Park appears in the Hearth Tax return for 1670 with 24 hearths, which certainly made it the largest house in Chigwell at that time. Substantial extensions and alterations were made to the house, which resulted in the first of two diversions of the road from Chigwell to Abridge, to allow Sir Eliab to build additional outhouses. Sir Eliab was succeeded by his second son, William (1663-1731), and he followed the family pattern of service to the community both locally and as an MP. Two further generations of William Harveys lived at Rolls Park and it was the first of these who again obtained permission in 1734 to divert the road from Chigwell to Abridge to allow him to extend the grounds surrounding the house and to build more extensive stables. It was probably at this time the high red brick wall, which stands today, was built. He was succeeded by his son, William (1714-1763), who married Emma Skynner of Walthamstow, and they had eleven children.
The interior of Rolls Park must have been one of the most richly decorated in the country in Georgian times. In addition the family acquired over a number of years a most magnificent collection of paintings by such well known artists as Lely, Kneller, Hudson, Ramsay and Van De Velde. Many of the paintings have survived and are now either with descendants of the family or in national collections at the Tate Gallery and National Maritime Museum.
Tragically the three eldest sons of William and Emma died at an early age and Eliab, the fourth son, succeeded to Rolls Park and the family estates. Born in 1758, Eliab had entered the navy when he was only about thirteen years of age. However, with the death of his brothers Stephen and William in 1779, Eliab unexpectedly became a very rich man. He continued his naval career but also entered Parliament, first from 1780-1784, and later from 1802-1812 and 1820-1830. Harvey had been promoted to Captain in 1783 and served in the West Indies and North American waters. In 1803 he was appointed Captain of the Temeraire, a ship of 98 guns. After serving in the blockade of Brest and in the Bay of Biscay, his ship became part of the fleet off Cadiz inn 1805. In the ensuing battle of Trafalgar, in October of that year, there were many heroes including Eliab Harvey and his crew who fought tenaciously in obtaining the surrender of two French ships, and came to the aid of the Victory when she was engaged in a fierce fight with the Redoutable.
After Trafalgar, Harvey was promoted to Admiral. He was a pall-bearer at Nelson's funeral at St Paul's Cathedral, and was feted on his return to Chigwell. However, four years later Harvey was infuriated when he was not put in command of the attack on the Basque Roads, and expressed his disgust in public criticising his superior officers. A court martial was inevitable and Harvey was dismissed from the service. The verdict was very unpopular with the British public, who still saw Harvey as a hero, and there were widespread misgivings concerning the fairness of the court martial. Harvey was reinstated as Rear Admiral in 1810, was knighted in 1815, and became a full Admiral in 1819, but he never had an active command again.
Sir Eliab settled down at Rolls Park to become the country squire and Parliamentarian. However, the loss of his son, Edward, at the siege of Burgos and his dismissal from the navy, appear to have made him eccentric, bitter and irascible, or so it would seem from letters that his wife, Lady Louisa, wrote to her daughter. When the Admiral died in February 1830, Rolls Park was inherited by his eldest daughter, Louisa, who had married William Lloyd of Aston Hall in Shropshire, and the house subsequently descended through members of this family. With their own large house in Shropshire, Rolls Park was occupied in the main by tenants, although General Sir Francis Lloyd came to live there from 1914-1926, when he was GOC London District. Rolls Park was requisitioned by the army during the Second World War, who did much damage to the building. The result was that in 1953 Andrew Lloyd, who had inherited the house, decided to demolish the building. All that remain today are the Orangery, the Stables and a cottage. Fortunately in 1918 Country Life made a photographic record of Rolls Park from which we can see what a magnificent house it was. A substantial archive of letters and deeds relating to the Harvey family and Rolls Park can be found at the Essex Record Office and the National Library of Wales. This together with the family portraits forms an important legacy of an Essex family prominent in the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Note: Richard Morris has written a history of the Harveys of Rolls Park which will be published in April by the Loughton & District Historical Society, with the support of Chigwell Parish Council. This book can also be purchased from the parish Council Office at a cost of £5.00.
Source: http://www.chigwellpc.vispa.com/easter_2005.htm
Yet another Turkey merchant, Eliab was the most commercially successful of the brothers. Eliab had estates at Roehampton, Surrey, and Chigwell, Essex. It was he who built the Harvey Mortuary Chapel at Hempstead Church, Essex.
See also: http://theydon.org.uk/lhs/lhs pages/recent books.htm#harveysbook
The Harveys of Rolls Park, Chigwell, Essex
The Harvey family came to live at Rolls Park, Chigwell in the middle of the 17th century. Several members of the family established themselves as merchants in the City of London, trading mainly with Turkey and the Levant. Others members achieved success as lawyers, in government service and in military careers.
Much of the history of Essex has been shaped by the sea, and the Harvey family provided one of the heroes of Trafalgar, when Captain Eliab Harvey (1758-1830), later to become Admiral Sir Eliab Harvey, commanded the Temeraire at the famous battle in 1805. Most heroes have a streak of eccentricity in them and, to judge from the letters of Eliab's wife, Louisa, to her eldest daughter, the Admiral was no exception.
The interior of the house at Rolls Park must have been one of the most richly decorated in the country in Georgian times. Fortunately a photographic record was made of the house in 1918, before its sad decline during and after the second world war, which led to its demolition in 1953; only the orangery, stables and old cottage remaining.
The book is illustrated with portraits of the Harveys, together with photographs of the interior and exterior of the house, and scenes from the Battle of Trafalgar, the 200th anniversary of which is celebrated this year.
A paperback book with 12 pages of plates, 8 of which are in colour, £5.00:
ISBN 0954 23149 X

event: Title (Facts Pg) Sir

occupation: Turkey merchant

  Photos and archival records

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Thomas Harvey ca 1509- ? ? Thomas Halke ? ?

Thomas Harvey 1549- Joane Halke 1555-1605

Eliab Harvey †1661