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John Alexander Logan
John Alexander Logan

M John Alexander Logan Black Jack

Sosa :1
(John AlexanderLogan)
Sen. , Gen.

  • Born 9 February 1826 - Murphysboro, Jackson Co., IL
  • Deceased 25 December 1886,aged 60 years old
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Individual Note

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In 1868, Commander in Chief John A. Logan of the Grand Army of the Republic issued General Order Number 11 designating May 30 as a memorial day "for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village and hamlet churchyard in the land."

LOGAN, John Alexander, a Representative and a Senator from Illinois; born in Murphysboro, Jackson County, Ill., on February 9, 1826; attended the common schools and studied law; served in the war with Mexico as a lieutenant; returned to Illinois; clerk of the Jackson County Court 1849; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1852, and practiced; member, Illinois house of representatives 1852-1853, 1856-1857; prosecuting attorney for the third judicial district of Illinois 1853-1857; presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1856; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses and served from March 4, 1859, until April 2, 1862, when he resigned and entered the Union Army; chairman, Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business (Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses); during the Civil War was commissioned brigadier general, and then major general of Volunteers, and served until 1865; elected as a Republican to the Fortieth, Forty-first, and Forty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1867, until his resignation on March 3, 1871, at the end of the Forty-first Congress, having been elected Senator; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-first Congress); one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1868 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against President Andrew Johnson; conceived of the idea of Memorial Day and inaugurated the observance in May 1868; elected to the United States Senate as a Republican and served from March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-third and Forty-fourth Congresses); resumed the practice of law in Chicago; again elected to the United States Senate in 1879; reelected in 1885, and served from March 4, 1879, until his death; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses); unsuccessful Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States in 1884; died in Washington, D.C., December 26, 1886; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, December 30-31, 1886; interment in a tomb in the National Cemetery, Soldiers' Home, Washington, D.C.

--- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress

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                         _____|4_sosa John Logan 1762-1836
|2_sosa John Logan 1788-1854
|                      \
|                       ¯¯¯¯¯|5_sosa Elizabeth Pharrell 1765-1805
|--1_sosa John Alexander Black Jack Logan, Sen. 1826-1886
|                                                                           _____|24_sosa Samuel Blackmore 1702-1771
|                                                  _____|12_sosa Samuel Blackmore 1736-1787
|                                                 /                         ¯¯¯¯¯|25_sosa Jane Maria Wilkerson 1706-1773
|                       _____|6_sosa William Blackmore 1774-1818
|                      /                        \                          _____|26_sosa Thomas Dowden 1712-1762
|                     /                          ¯¯¯¯¯|13_sosa Arabella Dowden 1740-1818
|                    /                                                     ¯¯¯¯¯|27_sosa Mary Davis 1723-1762/
|3_sosa Elizabeth Blackmore 1805-1874
                       \                           _____|14_sosa Thomas Richardson 1746-1830
                        \                         /
                         ¯¯¯¯¯|7_sosa Lucinda Richardson 1776-1865
                                                  \                         _____|30_sosa Samuel Blackmore 1702-1771
                                                   ¯¯¯¯¯|15_sosa Nancy Ann Blackmore 1750-1830
                                                                             ¯¯¯¯¯|31_sosa Jane Maria Wilkerson 1706-1773