Count of Barcelona (1035-1076)

  • Born in 1023
  • Deceased 27 May 1076 - Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain,aged 53 years old

 Parents

 Spouses and children

 Half-siblings

On the side of Berenger Raymond I Of Barcelona, Count of Barcelona ca 1000-1035

 Notes

Individual Note

From FMG:

"He succeeded his father in 1018 as RAMÓN BERENGUER I "el Viejo" Conde de Barcelona, Gerona, and Osona. The revolt of Mir Geribert (who styled himself 'prince of Olèrdola') in 1040 was not finally suppressed until 1059. During thisperiod, he had to deal with many other challenges to his authority, including from Ramón Guifré Conde de Cerdanya against whom he launched a military expedition in 1044. Ramón Berenguer I eventually succeeded in restoring politicalorder, in part through a systematic process of purchasing castles from local lords and returning them as feudal concessions. In consolidating his power progressively securing alliances with local magnates, he effectivelyestablished a new feudal order with himself at the pinnacle. He imposed the Peace and Truce by territorial statute in 1064, reformed outdated Visigothic laws and renewed pressure on the Taifa lords of Lérida, Tortosa and Zaragozafor payment of tribute. Having re-established his position in Catalonia, Ramón Berenguer switched his attention to pursing an expansionist policy in Languedoc and Roussillon, acquiring suzerainty over Carcassonne and Razès."

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WIKIPEDIA:

Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona

Ramon Berenguer I el Vell ("the Old") was Count of Barcelona in 1035-1076. He promulgated the earliest versions of a written code of Catalan law, the Usages of Barcelona.
Born in 1024, he succeeded his father, Berenguer Ramon the Crooked in 1035. It is during his reign that the dominant position of Barcelona among other Catalan counties became evident.

Ramon Berenguer campaigned against the Moors, extending his dominions as far west as Barbastro and imposing heavy tributes (parias) on other Moorish cities. Historians claim that those tributes helped create the first wave ofprosperity in Catalan history. During his reign Catalan maritime power started to be felt in Western Mediterranean. Ramon Berenguer the Old was also the first count of Catalonia to acquire lands (counties of Carcassonne and Razés)and influence north of the Pyrenees.
Another major achievement of his was beginning of codification of Catalan law in the written Usatges or Usatici of Barcelona which was to become the first full compilation of feudal law in Western Europe. Legal codification was partof the count's efforts to forward and somehow control the process of feudalization which started during the reign of his weak father, Berenger Ramon. Another major contributor was the Church acting through the institution of thePeace and Truce of God. This established a general truce among warring factions and lords in a given region for a given time. The earliest extant date for introducing the Truce of God in Western Europe is 1027 in Catalonia, duringthe reign of Ramon Berenguer the Old.
Ramon Berenguer I together with his third wife Almodis also founded the Romanesque cathedral of Barcelona, to replace the older basilica presumably destroyed by Almanzor. Their velvet and brass bound wooden coffins are still shownin the Gothic cathedral which replaced Ramon Berenguer's building.
He was succeeded by his twin sons Ramon Berenguer II and Berenguer Ramon II. It has been speculated that the obscure wife of Henry of Burgundy, the grandmother of Alfonso Henriques, first king of Portugal, was his sister.

Ramon Berenguers's marriages and descendants
• First wife, Isabel (or Elisabeth) of Narbonne or of Béziers
• Berenguer (died young)
• Arnau (died young)
• Pere Ramon (1050-1073?) -> murdered his father's wife, Almodis, and was exiled
• Second wife, Blanca (origin unknown)
• Third wife, Almodis de La Marche, countess of Limoges
• Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona the Fratricide (1053/54-1097)
• Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona the Towhead (1053/54-1082)
• Inés -> married Hugh d'Albo
• Sancha -> married Guilhem Ramon, count of Cerdanya

Preceded by Berenguer Ramon I
Count of Barcelona 1035 – 1076
Succeeded by Ramon Berenguer II

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Marriage 1 Isabelle de Nimes
• Married: BEF 1045
• Event: Repudiated BEF 1051
Children
1. Berenger of Barcelona
2. Arnaldo of Barcelona
3. Pierre Raymond of Barcelona

Marriage 2 Blanca
• Married: BEF 16 MAR 1050/51
• Event: Discarded AFT MAR 1050/51

Marriage 3 ALMODIS DE LA MARCHE b: ABT 1010 in La Marche, Normandy, France
• Married: 1053
Children
1. RAYMOND II BERENGER b: 1053
2. Agnes (Inez) of Barcelona b: ABT 1054
3. Sancha of Barcelona
4. Berenger Raymon of Barcelona b: ABT 1055


1 _GCID 62172791-A489-4F98-A87C-8FACA42D2735

_GCID: 5166D8AE-8F44-426D-85F8-EC444E5BE0DA

Family Note


_GCID: 1BCEF644-F594-4982-8F1D-367CF26B1F8E

 Sources

  • Individual:
    - The Ancestry of Elizabeth of York, Vol I - Marlyn Lewis, John Stuart, Kenneth Finton - HT Communications - LC 98-87887 - Electronic - Call Number: LC 98-87887 - 1999 - Arvada, CO - [- Prokasy Library
    Media: Electronic - 6C69B03C-2ED6-4072-8477-E54DABE99359] - F4858C3E-39BA-4277-9C40-32725469D4E3 - 477
    - WIKIPEDIA - www - D419B557-FA0F-4A9A-8613-CDECC853E7BF - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_I%2C_Count_of_Barcelona

  Photos and archival records

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 Family Tree Preview

Ramond III Borrell Of Barcelona, Count of Barcelona 972- Ermesinde Of Carcassonne 972- Sancho I García Of Castile, Count of Castile ca 965- Urraca Gomez Of Saldana †1025
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Berenger Raymond I Of Barcelona, Count of Barcelona ca 1000-1035 Sancha Sanchez Of Castile 1006-1026
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Raymond Berenger I "the Elder" Of Barcelona, Count of Barcelona 1023-1076