Count of Barcelona 1131 – 1162

  • Born about 1113
  • Deceased 6 August 1162 - San Dalmacio, Italy,aged about 49 years old

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On the side of Raymond Berenger III Of Barcelona, Count of Barcelona , Girona, and Osona 1082-1131
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Individual Note

WIKIPEDIA:

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona the Saint (c. 1113 – August 6, 1162) is most known for effecting the union between Aragon and Catalonia.

He inherited the county of Barcelona from his father Ramon Berenguer III on August 19, 1131. On August 11, 1137 in Huesca he was betrothed to the infant Petronila of Aragon, aged 3 at the time. Her father, Ramiro II of Aragon theMonk, who sought Barcelona's aid against Alfonso VII of Castile, abdicated on November 13 that same year, leaving his kingdom to Petronila and her husband. The latter essentially became ruler of Aragon, although he was never kinghimself, but instead Count of Barcelona, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon. He was the last Catalan monarch to use the title of Count as his first; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves,in the first place, as kings of Aragon.
The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms. Even should Petronila die before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer would still inherit thetitle of King of Aragon. Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House.

Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a newpolitical entity in the southeast at a time when Portugal seceded from Castile in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula.

Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by the beauty and charm of his sister Berenguela, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, for which she was well-known in her time. After that,in the middle years of his rule, his attention turned to campaigns against the Moors. In 1147 he helped Castile to conquer Almería. In 1148 he turned against the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdom of Valencia and Murcia,capturing Tortosa and, the next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre, Cinca and Ebro. The reconquista of the actual Catalonia was complete.
Ramon Berenger also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenger II the Count of Barcelona also acted as theregent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157).

In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia in order to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict.
Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that smallprincipality with the growing Aragonese empire.

He died in 1162 in Borgo Sam Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy, leaving the title of Count of Barcelona to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer, who that same year inherited the title of King of Aragon from her mother's abdication Petronila ofAragon (Ramiro II was already dead), and, in compliment to the Aragonese, changed his name to Alfonso and became Alfonso II of Aragon, I of Catalonia. Ramon Berenguer's younger son Pedro inherited the county of Cerdanya and landsnorth of the Pyrenees.

Ramon Berenguer's marriages and descendants
• First wife, Petronila of Aragon
• Dolça or Dulce Berenguer (b. 1152, d. 1198) -> married King Sancho I of Portugal the Populator
• Alfonso II of Aragon (I of Catalonia and Provence) the Chaste or the Trobadour (born Ramon Berenguer, 1157, d. 1196)
• Pedro, Count of Cerdanya, Carcassonne and Narbonne, (born 1152, d. in the 1160s).
• Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Provence (born Pedro, 1158, d. 1181)
• Sancho, Count of Provence, Regent of Aragon (b. 1161, d. 1226).
• Unknown mistress
• Ramon Berenguer, Abbot of Montearagon, Archbishop of Narbonne

Preceded by Ramon Berenguer III
Count of Barcelona 1131 – 1162
Succeeded by Alfonso I

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From FMG:

"After his betrothal to the heiress of Aragon, he successfully negotiated settlements with the military orders of the Holy Land to whom Alfonso I had bequeathed his kingdom. The Orders of the Hospital and the Holy Sepulchrerenounced their claims in Sep 1140. By a charter Nov 1143 (agreement confirmed by the Pope), the Templars accepted compensation (six Aragonese castles, a tenth of royal revenues plus 1000 sous a year from those from Zaragoza, afifth of all lands conquered from the Moors, and exemption from land tolls). His father-in-law conceded the government of Aragon to him 13 Nov 1137. He accepted the suzerainty of the Pope over Aragon and Barcelona. He alliedhimself with his brother-in-law Alfonso VII King of Castile, conducting a joint expedition against the Moors of Murcia 1144 and conquering Almería 1147. He conquered Tortosa Dec 1148, and Lérida and Fraga 24 Oct 1149. He styledhimself Marquis of Tortosa and Lérida. In 1154, Pope Anastasius IV revived the supremacy of the Archbishopric of Tarragona over the sees of Girona, Barcelona, Urgel, Osona, Lérida, Tortosa, Zaragoza, Huesca, Pamplona, Tarragona andCalahorra. He established the monastery of Poblet 1150-53. He regained the tribute of Valencia, and by the treaty of Tudillén (1151) confirmed Castile’s recognition of a sphere of prospective influence over Valencia and Murcia. Hewas elected lord and tutor of the infant Gaston V Vicomte de Béarn in 1154. He died while travelling to meet Emperor Friedrich "Barbarossa" at Turin."

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Children
1. ALFONSO II OF ARAGON b: 4 APR 1152 in Barcelona, Spain
2. Raymond Berengar VI of Barcelona b: ABT 1158
3. Dulcia of Barcelona b: 1160
4. Sancho of Aragon b: ABT 1161
1 _GCID 52926A42-16D4-4B1E-A105-519981E13DE2

_GCID: 2A647FE6-7237-497A-AB52-854F3F3F3711

Family Note


_GCID: 92CAA5D9-85FB-4026-B1FD-884543D5FEC3

 Sources

  • Individual:
    - WIKIPEDIA - www - D419B557-FA0F-4A9A-8613-CDECC853E7BF - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_IV%2C_Count_of_Barcelona
    - Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 - Frederick Lewis Weis - Genealogical Publishing Company, - CS55.W4/1999 - Book - [- Prokasy Library - @SR145 a - E0C64759-18D7-4D90-9F48-9E49DCD619FC] - - 1999 - Baltimore, MD, USA - 196F85E3-3F51-4A49-B302-525712171BBC - Line 111-26
    - Foundation for Medieval Genealogy - http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ - 69A01CB2-778C-42AC-99D9-394F3479DE14 - Provence, Chapter 3

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Raymond Berenger II Of Barcelona, comte pour moitié de Barcelone (1082-1097) comte de Barcelone (1097-1131) 1053-1082 Matilda Guiscard Of Apulia ca 1059-1112 Gerbert De Gevaudan, Comte de Gevaudan Vicomte de Carlat and Milhaud ca 1071-1110 Gerberge Of Provence, Countess of Arles & Provence ca 1060-1112
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Raymond Berenger III Of Barcelona, Count of Barcelona , Girona, and Osona 1082-1131 Dulcia Of Provence, Countess of Provence ca 1095-1127
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Raymond Berenger IV Of Barcelona, Count of Barcelona 1131 – 1162 ca 1113-1162