(James d' Audley 5th Lord Audley Touchet 5Th Baron De Audley)


  • Born about 1398 - Heleigh Castle, Audley, Staffordshire, England
  • Baptized in 1398 - Heleigh Castle, Staffordshire, England
  • Deceased 2 October 1459 - Blore Heath, Staffordshire, England,aged about 61 years old
  • Buried - Derby, Derbyshire, England
  • 5Th Baron De Audley

 Parents

 Spouses and children

 Siblings

 Notes

Individual Note


Event: James 5Th Baron De Audley TuchetName(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Our Royal Ancestors - Sharon K Bearce - Source Medium: Internet

Our Royal Ancestors)(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Craig Sharrow)

Event: James Baron Audley TouchetName(Source: Ancestral File (TM) - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - Name: July 1996 (c), data as of 2 January 1996 Repository: Family History Library 35 N West Temple Street Salt Lake City, - ABBR Ancestral File (TM))(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Brent Ruesch)

Event: John Lord AudleyName(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Jim Weber - Location: jimweber a nwintl.com;)

Event: James of Baron of Audley TouchetName(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Fleiner Study - Sharon Fleiner Smith Kindron)

Event:Birth[about 1397]Heleigh Castle, Audley, Staffordshire, England(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Michael R Neuman)

Event:Birth[1398]Heleigh Castle, Staffordshire, England(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Brent Ruesch)(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Fleiner Study - Sharon Fleiner Smith Kindron)

Event:Death[2 Oct 1459]Blore Heath, Shropshire, England(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Fleiner Study - Sharon Fleiner Smith Kindron)

Event: (10-1408)Christening(Source: Rootsweb.com - http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com - Brent Ruesch)
[Craig Sharrow.ged]

Confederate General Robert E. Lee, Presidents Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Johnson, Princess Diana Spencer, actress Katherine Hepburn, actor Humphrey Bogart, playwright Tennessee Williams, Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald(Mrs. F. Scott Fitzgerald), poet Archibald MacLeish, the philanthropic Rockefeller heirs, composer Charles Edward Ives, poet Robinson Jeffers, Laura Ingalls Wilder, chef Julia Child, actor Oliver Platt, actor Anthony Perkins, choregrapher Martha Graham, President Millard Fillmore, President Richard Nixon, General Omar Bradley and Daniel Boone are descendants of James and wife Alianore.

He was the 5th Baron of Audley and a member of Parliment

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James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley was a general who led the House of Lancaster forces during the Battle of Blore Heath in the Wars of the Roses. He was born circa 1398.

Audley was the son of John Tuchet, 4th Baron Audley and his wife Isabel. In his youth he served as a soldier and fought for Henry V of England in the Hundred Years' War.

Audley had two homes:

Heighley Castle in Madeley, Staffordshire
Red Castle near Market Drayton, Shropshire
He also owned large estates in Shropshire, Staffordshire and Derbyshire.

Audley died in the afternoon of September 23, 1459, when he was slain at the Battle of Blore Heath. It is possible that he was killed by Sir Roger Kynaston of Stocks near Ellesmere, England (Kynaston incorporated emblems of the Audley coat-of-arms into his own). Audley's Cross still stands on the battlefield to this day, and marks the spot where he died.

Audley was buried in Darley Abbey, north of Derby, about 40 miles away from Blore Heath. Unfortunately, the Abbey no longer stands, so his final resting place is no longer marked.

Marriages and children
Audley was first married to Margaret de Ros on February 24, 1414/1415. She was daughter to William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros and Margaret Fitzalan. Margaret was daughter to John Fitzalan and Eleanor Maltravers.

They were parents to three children:

John Touchet, 6th Baron Audley (born circa 1420 - September 26, 1490).
Margaret Touchet (born circa 1422 - died before 1480). Married Richard Grey, 3rd Earl of Tankerville.

Audley was remarried to Eleanor de Holand. She was an illegitimate daughter to Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent and Constance of York. They were parents to at least seven children:

Anne Touchet (born circa 1422 - 1503). She married Sir Thomas Dutton. Sir Thomas Dutton died in the battle of Blore Heath along with his father-in-law James Touchet, Lord Audley, 5th Baron of Audley and Heighley Castle.
Elizabeth Touchet (born circa 1433). She married Edward Brooke, 6th Baron Cobham.
Sir Humphrey Touchet (born circa 1435 - May 6, 1471). He married Elizabeth Courtenay. He was among the casualties of the Battle of Tewkesbury.
Edmund Audley (born circa 1437 - August 23, 1524). Successively Bishop of Rochester, Bishop of Hereford and Bishop of Salisbury.
Thomas Touchet (born circa 1439 - June 1507). Married Catherine.
A daughter (Christian name unknown) who was born circa 1442. Known to have married Humphrey Grey. He was son of Henry Grey, 2nd Earl of Tankerville, and Antigone of Gloucester. Antigone was reputed to be an illegitimate daughter of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester and Eleanor Cobham.
Constance Touchet (born circa 1443). She married Sir Robert Whitney.

Descendants
Descendants of Lord Audley include Thomas Jefferson, the 2nd President of the United States and the late Diana Spencer, Princess of Wales.

Battle of Blore Heath
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Battle of Blore Heath was the first major battle in the English Wars of the Roses and was fought on September 23, 1459, at Blore Heath in Staffordshire, two miles east of the town of Market Drayton in Shropshire, England.

Background
After the First Battle of St Albans in 1455, an uneasy peace held in England. Attempts at reconciliation between the houses of Lancaster and York enjoyed marginal success. However, both sides became increasingly wary of each other and by 1459 were actively recruiting armed supporters. The Queen (Margaret of Anjou) continued to raise support for the King (Henry VI) amongst noblemen, distributing an emblem of a silver swan to her supporters; whilst the Yorkist command under Richard, Duke of York was finding plenty of anti-royal support despite the severe punishment for raising arms against the King.

The Yorkist force based at Middleham Castle in Yorkshire (led by Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury) needed to link up with the main Yorkist army at Ludlow Castle in Shropshire. As Salisbury marched south-west through the Midlands the Queen ordered James Touchet, Lord Audley to raise a force to intercept them.

The battle
Audley chose the barren heathland of Blore Heath to set up an ambush. On the morning of the 23 September 1459 (Saint Thecla's day), a force of some 6-12,000 men took up a defensive position behind a 'great hedge' on the south-western edge of Blore Heath facing the direction of Newcastle-under-Lyme to the north-east, the direction from which Salisbury was approaching.

Yorkist scouts spotted Lancastrian banners visible over the top of a hedge and immediately warned Salisbury. As they emerged from the woodland, the Yorkist force of some 3-6,000 men realized that a much larger enemy force was awaiting their arrival. Salisbury immediately arranged his men into battle order, just out of range of the Lancastrian archers. To secure his right flank, he arranged the supply wagons in a defensive laager, a circular formation to provide cover to the men on that flank. Fearing a rout, Yorkist soldiers are reported to have kissed the ground beneath them, supposing that this would be the ground on which they would meet their deaths.

The two armies were separated by about 300 metres on the barren heathland. A steep-sided, wide and fast-flowing brook flowed between them. The brook made Audley's position seemingly inpenetrable.

Initially, both leaders sought to parley in a futile attempt to avoid bloodshed. In keeping with many late medieval battles, the conflict opened with an archery duel between the longbows of both armies. At Blore Heath, this proved inconclusive because of the distance between the two sides.

Salisbury, aware that any attack across the brook would be suicidal, employed a ruse to encourage the enemy to attack him. He withdrew some of his middle-order just far enough that the Lancastrians believed them to be retreating. The Lancastrians launched a cavalry charge. After they had committed themselves, Salisbury ordered his men to turn back and catch the Lancastrians as they attempted to cross the brook. It is possible that the order for this Lancastrian charge was not given by Audley but it had the effect of turning the balance in favour of Salisbury. The charge resulted in heavy casualties for the Lancastrians.

The Lancastrians withdrew, and then made a second assault, possibly attempting to rescue casualties. This second attack was more successful with many Lancastrians crossing the brook. This led to a period of intense fighting in which Audley himself was killed, possibly by Sir Roger Kynaston of Stocks near Ellesmere.

The death of Audley meant that Lancastrian command devolved on to the second-in-command John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley who ordered an attack on foot with some 4,000 men. As this attack also failed, some 500 Lancastrians joined the enemy and began attacking their own side. At this, any remaining Lancastrian resistance collapsed and the Yorkists only had to advance to complete the rout.

The rout continued through the night, with the Yorkists pursuing the fleeing enemy for miles across the countryside.

Salisbury was concerned that Lancastrian reinforcements were in the vicinity and was keen to press on towards Ludlow. He made his camp on a hillside at Market Drayton, which later took his name. Salisbury employed a local friar to remain on Blore Heath throughout the night and to periodically discharge a cannon in order to deceive any proximal Lancastrians into believing that the fight was continuing.

It is believed that at least 3,000 men died in the battle, with at least 2,000 of these from the Lancastrian side. Local legend says that Hempmill Brook flowed with blood for 3 days after the battle.

Legend has it that Margaret of Anjou watched the battle from the spire of the church in nearby Mucklestone, before fleeing when she realised Audley was being defeated. It is said that she employed a blacksmith, William Skelhorn, to reverse the shoes on her horse to disguise her escape. The anvil from the smithy stands in the churchyard at Mucklestone to commemorate this event.

A cross was erected on Blore Heath after the battle to mark the spot where Audley was slain. It was replaced with a stone cross in 1765. Audley's Cross stands on Blore Heath to this day. Audley is buried in Darley Abbey in Derbyshire.

The battle is commemorated by a re-enactment each year in September at Blore Heath.

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 Family Tree Preview

John Sir 4th Baron Audley Touchet ca 1350-1372 Margaret De Mortimer 1352- Humphrey De Stafford ca 1353-1413 Alice De Greinville ca 1355-
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John Sir 4th Baron Audley Touchet 1371-1408 Elizabeth De Stafford ca 1375-1405
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James d' Audley 5th Lord Audley Touchet ca 1398-1459